Dissecting the human microbiome with single-cell genomics.

Tolonen AC, Xavier RJ
Genome Med. 2017;9(1):56 - PMID: 28615076

Selective Induction of Homeostatic Th17 Cells in the Murine Intestine by Cholera Toxin Interacting with the Microbiota.

Zhao Q, Harbour SN, Kolde R, Latorre IJ, Tun HM, Schoeb TR, Turner H, Moon JJ, Khafipour E, Xavier RJ, Weaver CT, Elson CO
J Immunol. 2017;:ePub - PMID: 28539431

Epitope-specific immunotherapy targeting CD4-positive T cells in coeliac disease: two randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 1 studies.

Goel G, King T, Daveson AJ, Andrews JM, Krishnarajah J, Krause R, Brown GJE, Fogel R, Barish CF, Epstein R, Kinney TP, Miner PB, Tye-Din JA, Girardin A, Taavela J, Popp A, Sidney J, Mäki M, Goldstein KE, Griffin PH, Wang S, Dzuris JL, Williams LJ, Sette A, Xavier RJ, Sollid LM, Jabri B, Anderson RP
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017;:ePub - PMID: 28506538

Gut Microbiome Function Predicts Response to Anti-integrin Biologic Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Ananthakrishnan AN, Luo C, Yajnik V, Khalili H, Garber JJ, Stevens BW, Cleland T, Xavier RJ
Cell Host Microbe. 2017;21(5):603-610.e3 - PMID: 28494241

Reovirus infection triggers inflammatory responses to dietary antigens and development of celiac disease.

Bouziat R, Hinterleitner R, Brown JJ, Stencel-Baerenwald JE, Ikizler M, Mayassi T, Meisel M, Kim SM, Discepolo V, Pruijssers AJ, Ernest JD, Iskarpatyoti JA, Costes LM, Lawrence I, Palanski BA, Varma M, Zurenski MA, Khomandiak S, McAllister N, Aravamudhan P, Boehme KW, Hu F, Samsom JN, Reinecker HC, Kupfer SS, Guandalini S, Semrad CE, Abadie V, Khosla C, Barreiro LB, Xavier RJ, Ng A, Dermody TS, Jabri B
Science. 2017;356(6333):44-50 - PMID: 28386004

A Microbiome Foundation for the Study of Crohn's Disease.

Gevers D, Kugathasan S, Knights D, Kostic AD, Knight R, Xavier RJ
Cell Host Microbe. 2017;21(3):301-304 - PMID: 28279336

Prediction of complicated disease course for children newly diagnosed with Crohn's disease: a multicentre inception cohort study.

Kugathasan S, Denson LA, Walters TD, Kim MO, Marigorta UM, Schirmer M, Mondal K, Liu C, Griffiths A, Noe JD, Crandall WV, Snapper S, Rabizadeh S, Rosh JR, Shapiro JM, Guthery S, Mack DR, Kellermayer R, Kappelman MD, Steiner S, Moulton DE, Keljo D, Cohen S, Oliva-Hemker M, Heyman MB, Otley AR, Baker SS, Evans JS, Kirschner BS, Patel AS, Ziring D, Trapnell BC, Sylvester FA, Stephens MC, Baldassano RN, Markowitz JF, Cho J, Xavier RJ, Huttenhower C, Aronow BJ, Gibson G, Hyams JS, Dubinsky MC
Lancet. 2017;389(10080):1710-1718 - PMID: 28259484

Corrigendum: SIKs control osteocyte responses to parathyroid hormone.

Wein MN, Liang Y, Goransson O, Sundberg TB, Wang J, Williams EA, O'Meara MJ, Govea N, Beqo B, Nishimori S, Nagano K, Brooks DJ, Martins JS, Corbin B, Anselmo A, Sadreyev R, Wu JY, Sakamoto K, Foretz M, Xavier RJ, Baron R, Bouxsein ML, Gardella TJ, Divieti-Pajevic P, Gray NS, Kronenberg HM
Nat Commun. 2017;8:14745 - PMID: 28224982 - PMCID: PMC5322529

The Ubiquitin Ligase Smurf1 Functions in Selective Autophagy of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Anti-tuberculous Host Defense.

Franco LH, Nair VR, Scharn CR, Xavier RJ, Torrealba JR, Shiloh MU, Levine B
Cell Host Microbe. 2016;21(1):59-72 - PMID: 28017659

The Role of the Histone Methyltransferase Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 (EZH2) in the Pathobiological Mechanisms Underlying Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD).

Sarmento OF, Svingen PA, Xiong Y, Sun Z, Bamidele AO, Mathison AJ, Smyrk TC, Nair AA, Gonzalez MM, Sagstetter MR, Baheti S, McGovern DP, Friton JJ, Papadakis KA, Gautam G, Xavier RJ, Urrutia RA, Faubion WA
J Biol Chem. 2016;292(2):706-722 - PMID: 27909059 - PMCID: PMC5241744

The Csk-Associated Adaptor PAG Inhibits Effector T Cell Activation in Cooperation with Phosphatase PTPN22 and Dok Adaptors.

Davidson D, Zhong MC, Pandolfi PP, Bolland S, Xavier RJ, Seed B, Li X, Gu H, Veillette A
Cell Rep. 2016;17(10):2776-2788 - PMID: 27926878

Linking the Human Gut Microbiome to Inflammatory Cytokine Production Capacity.

Schirmer M, Smeekens SP, Vlamakis H, Jaeger M, Oosting M, Franzosa EA, Horst RT, Jansen T, Jacobs L, Bonder MJ, Kurilshikov A, Fu J, Joosten LA, Zhernakova A, Huttenhower C, Wijmenga C, Netea MG, Xavier RJ
Cell. 2016;167(7):1897 - PMID: 27984736

TMEM258 Is a Component of the Oligosaccharyltransferase Complex Controlling ER Stress and Intestinal Inflammation.

Graham DB, Lefkovith A, Deelen P, de Klein N, Varma M, Boroughs A, Desch AN, Ng AC, Guzman G, Schenone M, Petersen CP, Bhan AK, Rivas MA, Daly MJ, Carr SA, Wijmenga C, Xavier RJ
Cell Rep. 2016;17(11):2955-2965 - PMID: 27974209

Visceral Adiposity, Genetic Susceptibility, and Risk of Complications Among Individuals with Crohn's Disease.

Van Der Sloot KW, Joshi AD, Bellavance DR, Gilpin KK, Stewart KO, Lochhead P, Garber JJ, Giallourakis C, Yajnik V, Ananthakrishnan AN, Alizadeh BZ, Xavier RJ, Khalili H
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016;23(1):82-88 - PMID: 27893544 - PMCID: PMC5177457

Erratum to: Vedolizumab Therapy Is Associated with an Improvement in Sleep Quality and Mood in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Stevens BW, Borren NZ, Velonias G, Conway G, Cleland T, Andrews E, Khalili H, Garber JJ, Xavier RJ, Yajnik V, Ananthakrishnan AN
Dig Dis Sci. 2016;62(2):552 - PMID: 27864657

Glutaminolysis and Fumarate Accumulation Integrate Immunometabolic and Epigenetic Programs in Trained Immunity.

Arts RJ, Novakovic B, Ter Horst R, Carvalho A, Bekkering S, Lachmandas E, Rodrigues F, Silvestre R, Cheng SC, Wang SY, Habibi E, Gonçalves LG, Mesquita I, Cunha C, van Laarhoven A, van de Veerdonk FL, Williams DL, van der Meer JW, Logie C, O'Neill LA, Dinarello CA, Riksen NP, van Crevel R, Clish C, Notebaart RA, Joosten LA, Stunnenberg HG, Xavier RJ, Netea MG
Cell Metab. 2016;24(6):807-819 - PMID: 27866838

Differential Effects of Environmental and Genetic Factors on T and B Cell Immune Traits.

Aguirre-Gamboa R, Joosten I, Urbano PC, van der Molen RG, van Rijssen E, van Cranenbroek B, Oosting M, Smeekens S, Jaeger M, Zorro M, Withoff S, van Herwaarden AE, Sweep FC, Netea RT, Swertz MA, Franke L, Xavier RJ, Joosten LA, Netea MG, Wijmenga C, Kumar V, Li Y, Koenen HJ
Cell Rep. 2016;17(9):2474-2487 - PMID: 27818087 - PMCID: PMC5130901

A Functional Genomics Approach to Understand Variation in Cytokine Production in Humans.

Li Y, Oosting M, Smeekens SP, Jaeger M, Aguirre-Gamboa R, Le KT, Deelen P, Ricaño-Ponce I, Schoffelen T, Jansen AF, Swertz MA, Withoff S, van de Vosse E, van Deuren M, van de Veerdonk F, Zhernakova A, van der Meer JW, Xavier RJ, Franke L, Joosten LA, Wijmenga C, Kumar V, Netea MG
Cell. 2016;167(4):1099-1110.e14 - PMID: 27814507

Host and Environmental Factors Influencing Individual Human Cytokine Responses.

Ter Horst R, Jaeger M, Smeekens SP, Oosting M, Swertz MA, Li Y, Kumar V, Diavatopoulos DA, Jansen AF, Lemmers H, Toenhake-Dijkstra H, van Herwaarden AE, Janssen M, van der Molen RG, Joosten I, Sweep FC, Smit JW, Netea-Maier RT, Koenders MM, Xavier RJ, van der Meer JW, Dinarello CA, Pavelka N, Wijmenga C, Notebaart RA, Joosten LA, Netea MG
Cell. 2016;167(4):1111-1124.e13 - PMID: 27814508

Linking the Human Gut Microbiome to Inflammatory Cytokine Production Capacity.

Schirmer M, Smeekens SP, Vlamakis H, Jaeger M, Oosting M, Franzosa EA, Jansen T, Jacobs L, Bonder MJ, Kurilshikov A, Fu J, Joosten LA, Zhernakova A, Huttenhower C, Wijmenga C, Netea MG, Xavier RJ
Cell. 2016;167(4):1125-1136.e8 - PMID: 27814509 - PMCID: PMC5131922

RNF166 Determines Recruitment of Adaptor Proteins during Antibacterial Autophagy.

Heath RJ, Goel G, Baxt LA, Rush JS, Mohanan V, Paulus GL, Jani V, Lassen KG, Xavier RJ
Cell Rep. 2016;17(9):2183-2194 - PMID: 27880896 - PMCID: PMC5192565

Vedolizumab Therapy Is Associated with an Improvement in Sleep Quality and Mood in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Stevens BW, Borren NZ, Velonias G, Conway G, Cleland T, Andrews E, Khalili H, Garber JG, Xavier RJ, Yajnik V, Ananthakrishnan AN
Dig Dis Sci. 2016;62(1):197-206 - PMID: 27796768 - PMCID: PMC5218976

SIKs control osteocyte responses to parathyroid hormone.

Wein MN, Liang Y, Goransson O, Sundberg TB, Wang J, Williams EA, O'Meara MJ, Govea N, Beqo B, Nishimori S, Nagano K, Brooks DJ, Martins JS, Corbin B, Anselmo A, Sadreyev R, Wu JY, Sakamoto K, Foretz M, Xavier RJ, Baron R, Bouxsein ML, Gardella TJ, Divieti-Pajevic P, Gray NS, Kronenberg HM
Nat Commun. 2016;7:13176 - PMID: 27759007 - PMCID: PMC5075806

Interplay of host genetics and gut microbiota underlying the onset and clinical presentation of inflammatory bowel disease.

Imhann F, Vich Vila A, Bonder MJ, Fu J, Gevers D, Visschedijk MC, Spekhorst LM, Alberts R, Franke L, van Dullemen HM, Ter Steege RW, Huttenhower C, Dijkstra G, Xavier RJ, Festen EA, Wijmenga C, Zhernakova A, Weersma RK
Gut. 2016;:ePub - PMID: 27802154

Corrigendum: Inter-individual variability and genetic influences on cytokine responses to bacteria and fungi.

Li Y, Oosting M, Deelen P, Ricaño-Ponce I, Smeekens S, Jaeger M, Matzaraki V, Swertz MA, Xavier RJ, Franke L, Wijmenga C, Joosten LA, Kumar V, Netea MG
Nat Med. 2016;22(10):1192 - PMID: 27711068

Succinate Dehydrogenase Supports Metabolic Repurposing of Mitochondria to Drive Inflammatory Macrophages.

Mills EL, Kelly B, Logan A, Costa AS, Varma M, Bryant CE, Tourlomousis P, Däbritz JH, Gottlieb E, Latorre I, Corr SC, McManus G, Ryan D, Jacobs HT, Szibor M, Xavier RJ, Braun T, Frezza C, Murphy MP, O'Neill LA
Cell. 2016;167(2):457-470.e13 - PMID: 27667687

Erratum: A protein-truncating R179X variant in RNF186 confers protection against ulcerative colitis.

Rivas MA, Graham D, Sulem P, Stevens C, Desch AN, Goyette P, Gudbjartsson D, Jonsdottir I, Thorsteinsdottir U, Degenhardt F, Mucha S, Kurki MI, Li D, D'Amato M, Annese V, Vermeire S, Weersma RK, Halfvarson J, Paavola-Sakki P, Lappalainen M, Lek M, Cummings B, Tukiainen T, Haritunians T, Halme L, Koskinen LL, Ananthakrishnan AN, Luo Y, Heap GA, Visschedijk MC, , , MacArthur DG, Neale BM, Ahmad T, Anderson CA, Brant SR, Duerr RH, Silverberg MS, Cho JH, Palotie A, Saavalainen P, Kontula K, Fä ...
Nat Commun. 2016;7:12869 - PMID: 27619887 - PMCID: PMC5027274

Increased Intestinal Microbial Diversity Following Fecal Microbiota Transplant for Active Crohn's Disease.

Vaughn BP, Vatanen T, Allegretti JR, Bai A, Xavier RJ, Korzenik J, Gevers D, Ting A, Robson SC, Moss AC
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016;22(9):2182-90 - PMID: 27542133 - PMCID: PMC4995064

Characterization of candidate genes in inflammatory bowel disease-associated risk loci.

Peloquin JM, Goel G, Kong L, Huang H, Haritunians T, Sartor RB, Daly MJ, Newberry RD, McGovern DP, Yajnik V, Lira SA, Xavier RJ
JCI Insight. 2016;1(13):e87899 - PMID: 27668286 - PMCID: PMC5033062

A protein-truncating R179X variant in RNF186 confers protection against ulcerative colitis.

Rivas MA, Graham D, Sulem P, Stevens C, Desch AN, Goyette P, Gudbjartsson D, Jonsdottir I, Thorsteinsdottir U, Degenhardt F, Mucha S, Kurki MI, Li D, D'Amato M, Annese V, Vermeire S, Weersma RK, Halfvarson J, Paavola-Sakki P, Lappalainen M, Lek M, Cummings B, Tukiainen T, Haritunians T, Halme L, Koskinen LL, Ananthakrishnan AN, Luo Y, Heap GA, Visschedijk MC, , , MacArthur DG, Neale BM, Ahmad T, Anderson CA, Brant SR, Duerr RH, Silverberg MS, Cho JH, Palotie A, Saavalainen P, Kontula K, Fä ...
Nat Commun. 2016;7:12342 - PMID: 27503255 - PMCID: PMC4980482

Understanding human immune function using the resources from the Human Functional Genomics Project.

Netea MG, Joosten LA, Li Y, Kumar V, Oosting M, Smeekens S, Jaeger M, Ter Horst R, Schirmer M, Vlamakis H, Notebaart R, Pavelka N, Aguirre-Gamboa RR, Swertz MA, Tunjungputri RN, van de Heijden W, Franzosa EA, Ng A, Graham D, Lassen K, Schraa K, Netea-Maier R, Smit J, de Mast Q, van de Veerdonk F, Kullberg BJ, Tack C, van de Munckhof I, Rutten J, van der Graaf J, Franke L, Hofker M, Jonkers I, Platteel M, Maatman A, Fu J, Zhernakova A, van der Meer JW, Dinarello CA, van der Ven A, Huttenhouwe ...
Nat Med. 2016;22(8):831-833 - PMID: 27490433

A pleiotropic missense variant in SLC39A8 is associated with Crohn's disease and human gut microbiome composition.

Li D, Achkar JP, Haritunians T, Jacobs JP, Hui KY, D'Amato M, Brand S, Radford-Smith G, Halfvarson J, Niess JH, Kugathasan S, Büning C, Schumm LP, Klei L, Ananthakrishnan A, Aumais G, Baidoo L, Dubinsky M, Fiocchi C, Glas J, Milgrom R, Proctor DD, Regueiro M, Simms LA, Stempak JM, Targan SR, Törkvist L, Sharma Y, Devlin B, Borneman J, Hakonarson H, Xavier RJ, Daly M, Brant SR, Rioux JD, Silverberg MS, Cho JH, Braun J, McGovern DP, Duerr RH
Gastroenterology. 2016;151(4):724-32 - PMID: 27492617 - PMCID: PMC5037008

Dysbiosis, inflammation, and response to treatment: a longitudinal study of pediatric subjects with newly diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease.

Shaw KA, Bertha M, Hofmekler T, Chopra P, Vatanen T, Srivatsa A, Prince J, Kumar A, Sauer C, Zwick ME, Satten GA, Kostic AD, Mulle JG, Xavier RJ, Kugathasan S
Genome Med. 2016;8(1):75 - PMID: 27412252 - PMCID: PMC4944441

Inter-individual variability and genetic influences on cytokine responses to bacteria and fungi.

Li Y, Oosting M, Deelen P, Ricaño-Ponce I, Smeekens S, Jaeger M, Matzaraki V, Swertz MA, Xavier RJ, Franke L, Wijmenga C, Joosten LA, Kumar V, Netea MG
Nat Med. 2016;22(8):952-960 - PMID: 27376574 - PMCID: PMC5084084

Functional CRISPR screening identifies the ufmylation pathway as a regulator of SQSTM1/p62.

DeJesus R, Moretti F, McAllister G, Wang Z, Bergman P, Liu S, Frias E, Alford J, Reece-Hoyes JS, Lindeman A, Kelliher J, Russ C, Knehr J, Carbone W, Beibel M, Roma G, Ng A, Tallarico JA, Porter JA, Xavier RJ, Mickanin C, Murphy LO, Hoffman GR, Nyfeler B
Elife. 2016;5:ePub - PMID: 27351204 - PMCID: PMC4924995

Microbiota as Therapeutic Targets.

Xavier RJ
Dig Dis. 2016;34(5):558-565 - PMID: 27331403

Profiling DNA damage-induced phosphorylation in budding yeast reveals diverse signaling networks.

Zhou C, Elia AE, Naylor ML, Dephoure N, Ballif BA, Goel G, Xu Q, Ng A, Chou DM, Xavier RJ, Gygi SP, Elledge SJ
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016;113(26):E3667-75 - PMID: 27298372 - PMCID: PMC4932963

The T300A Crohn's disease risk polymorphism impairs function of the WD40 domain of ATG16L1.

Boada-Romero E, Serramito-Gómez I, Sacristán MP, Boone DL, Xavier RJ, Pimentel-Muiños FX
Nat Commun. 2016;7:11821 - PMID: 27273576 - PMCID: PMC4899871

Genetic Coding Variant in GPR65 Alters Lysosomal pH and Links Lysosomal Dysfunction with Colitis Risk.

Lassen KG, McKenzie CI, Mari M, Murano T, Begun J, Baxt LA, Goel G, Villablanca EJ, Kuo SY, Huang H, Macia L, Bhan AK, Batten M, Daly MJ, Reggiori F, Mackay CR, Xavier RJ
Immunity. 2016;44(6):1392-1405 - PMID: 27287411 - PMCID: PMC4936415

Variation in Microbiome LPS Immunogenicity Contributes to Autoimmunity in Humans.

Vatanen T, Kostic AD, d'Hennezel E, Siljander H, Franzosa EA, Yassour M, Kolde R, Vlamakis H, Arthur TD, Hämäläinen AM, Peet A, Tillmann V, Uibo R, Mokurov S, Dorshakova N, Ilonen J, Virtanen SM, Szabo SJ, Porter JA, Lähdesmäki H, Huttenhower C, Gevers D, Cullen TW, Knip M, , Xavier RJ
Cell. 2016;165(6):1551 - PMID: 27259157

Natural history of the infant gut microbiome and impact of antibiotic treatment on bacterial strain diversity and stability.

Yassour M, Vatanen T, Siljander H, Hämäläinen AM, Härkönen T, Ryhänen SJ, Franzosa EA, Vlamakis H, Huttenhower C, Gevers D, Lander ES, Knip M, , Xavier RJ
Sci Transl Med. 2016;8(343):343ra81 - PMID: 27306663 - PMCID: PMC5032909

Metagenomic Characterization of Microbial Communities In Situ Within the Deeper Layers of the Ileum in Crohn's Disease.

Pedamallu CS, Bhatt AS, Bullman S, Fowler S, Freeman SS, Durand J, Jung J, Duke F, Manzo V, Cai D, Ananthakrishnan A, Ojesina AI, Ramachandran A, Gevers D, Xavier RJ, Bhan AK, Meyerson M, Yajnik V
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016;2(5):563-566.e5 - PMID: 28174737 - PMCID: PMC5042890

Development of Chemical Probes for Investigation of Salt-Inducible Kinase Function In Vivo.

Sundberg TB, Liang Y, Wu H, Choi HG, Kim ND, Sim T, Johannessen L, Petrone A, Khor B, Graham DB, Latorre IJ, Phillips AJ, Schreiber SL, Perez J, Shamji AF, Gray NS, Xavier RJ
ACS Chem Biol. 2016;11(8):2105-11 - PMID: 27224444 - PMCID: PMC4992440

Simultaneous Pathway Activity Inference and Gene Expression Analysis Using RNA Sequencing.

O'Connell DJ, Kolde R, Sooknah M, Graham DB, Sundberg TB, Latorre IJ, Mikkelsen TS, Xavier RJ
Cell Syst. 2016;2(5):323-334 - PMID: 27211859 - PMCID: PMC5032147

CARD9 impacts colitis by altering gut microbiota metabolism of tryptophan into aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands.

Lamas B, Richard ML, Leducq V, Pham HP, Michel ML, Da Costa G, Bridonneau C, Jegou S, Hoffmann TW, Natividad JM, Brot L, Taleb S, Couturier-Maillard A, Nion-Larmurier I, Merabtene F, Seksik P, Bourrier A, Cosnes J, Ryffel B, Beaugerie L, Launay JM, Langella P, Xavier RJ, Sokol H
Nat Med. 2016;22(6):598-605 - PMID: 27158904 - PMCID: PMC5087285

Gene-microbiota interactions contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease.

Chu H, Khosravi A, Kusumawardhani IP, Kwon AH, Vasconcelos AC, Cunha LD, Mayer AE, Shen Y, Wu WL, Kambal A, Targan SR, Xavier RJ, Ernst PB, Green DR, McGovern DP, Virgin HW, Mazmanian SK
Science. 2016;352(6289):1116-20 - PMID: 27230380 - PMCID: PMC4996125

Clinical Activity and Quality of Life Indices Are Valid Across Ulcerative Colitis But Not Crohn's Disease Phenotypes.

Taleban S, Stewart KO, Li DK, Singh P, Pardi DS, Sturgeon HC, Yajnik V, Xavier RJ, Ananthakrishnan AN, Khalili H
Dig Dis Sci. 2016;61(9):2627-35 - PMID: 27142671 - PMCID: PMC4982770

Mechanisms of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Peloquin JM, Goel G, Villablanca EJ, Xavier RJ
Annu Rev Immunol. 2016;34:31-64 - PMID: 27168239

Population-based metagenomics analysis reveals markers for gut microbiome composition and diversity.

Zhernakova A, Kurilshikov A, Bonder MJ, Tigchelaar EF, Schirmer M, Vatanen T, Mujagic Z, Vila AV, Falony G, Vieira-Silva S, Wang J, Imhann F, Brandsma E, Jankipersadsing SA, Joossens M, Cenit MC, Deelen P, Swertz MA, , Weersma RK, Feskens EJ, Netea MG, Gevers D, Jonkers D, Franke L, Aulchenko YS, Huttenhower C, Raes J, Hofker MH, Xavier RJ, Wijmenga C, Fu J
Science. 2016;352(6285):565-9 - PMID: 27126040 - PMCID: PMC5240844

Variation in Microbiome LPS Immunogenicity Contributes to Autoimmunity in Humans.

Vatanen T, Kostic AD, d'Hennezel E, Siljander H, Franzosa EA, Yassour M, Kolde R, Vlamakis H, Arthur TD, Hämäläinen AM, Peet A, Tillmann V, Uibo R, Mokurov S, Dorshakova N, Ilonen J, Virtanen SM, Szabo SJ, Porter JA, Lähdesmäki H, Huttenhower C, Gevers D, Cullen TW, Knip M, , Xavier RJ
Cell. 2016;165(4):842-53 - PMID: 27133167 - PMCID: PMC4950857

Trained immunity: A program of innate immune memory in health and disease.

Netea MG, Joosten LA, Latz E, Mills KH, Natoli G, Stunnenberg HG, O'Neill LA, Xavier RJ
Science. 2016;352(6284):aaf1098 - PMID: 27102489 - PMCID: PMC5087274

Timothy C. Wang, MD: Our next AGA President.

Abrams JA, Xavier RJ, Rustgi AK
Gastroenterology. 2016;150(5):1231-6 - PMID: 27018487

?v Integrins combine with LC3 and atg5 to regulate Toll-like receptor signalling in B cells.

Acharya M, Sokolovska A, Tam JM, Conway KL, Stefani C, Raso F, Mukhopadhyay S, Feliu M, Paul E, Savill J, Hynes RO, Xavier RJ, Vyas JM, Stuart LM, Lacy-Hulbert A
Nat Commun. 2016;7:10917 - PMID: 26965188 - PMCID: PMC4792966

Impaired antibacterial autophagy links granulomatous intestinal inflammation in Niemann-Pick disease type C1 and XIAP deficiency with NOD2 variants in Crohn's disease.

Schwerd T, Pandey S, Yang HT, Bagola K, Jameson E, Jung J, Lachmann RH, Shah N, Patel SY, Booth C, Runz H, Düker G, Bettels R, Rohrbach M, Kugathasan S, Chapel H, Keshav S, Elkadri A, Platt N, Muise AM, Koletzko S, Xavier RJ, Marquardt T, Powrie F, Wraith JE, Gyrd-Hansen M, Platt FM, Uhlig HH
Gut. 2016;66(6):1060-1073 - PMID: 26953272

New Regulatory Roles of Galectin-3 in the High-affinity IgE Receptor Signaling.

Bambouskova M, Polakovicova I, Halova I, Goel G, Draberova L, Bugajev V, Doan A, Utekal P, Gardet A, Xavier RJ, Draber P
Mol Cell Biol. 2016;36(9):1366-82 - PMID: 26929198 - PMCID: PMC4836217

Sub-clinical detection of gut microbial biomarkers of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Yassour M, Lim MY, Yun HS, Tickle TL, Sung J, Song YM, Lee K, Franzosa EA, Morgan XC, Gevers D, Lander ES, Xavier RJ, Birren BW, Ko G, Huttenhower C
Genome Med. 2016;8(1):17 - PMID: 26884067 - PMCID: PMC4756455

Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition).

Klionsky DJ, Abdelmohsen K, Abe A, Abedin MJ, Abeliovich H, Acevedo Arozena A, Adachi H, Adams CM, Adams PD, Adeli K, Adhihetty PJ, Adler SG, Agam G, Agarwal R, Aghi MK, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Aguilar PV, Aguirre-Ghiso J, Airoldi EM, Ait-Si-Ali S, Akematsu T, Akporiaye ET, Al-Rubeai M, Albaiceta GM, Albanese C, Albani D, Albert ML, Aldudo J, Algül H, Alirezaei M, Alloza I, Almasan A, Almonte-Beceril M, Alnemri ES, Alonso C, Altan-Bonnet N, Altieri DC, Alvarez S, Alvarez-Erviti L, Alves S, A ...
Autophagy. 2016;12(1):1-222 - PMID: 26799652 - PMCID: PMC4835977

Proton pump inhibitors affect the gut microbiome.

Imhann F, Bonder MJ, Vich Vila A, Fu J, Mujagic Z, Vork L, Tigchelaar EF, Jankipersadsing SA, Cenit MC, Harmsen HJ, Dijkstra G, Franke L, Xavier RJ, Jonkers D, Wijmenga C, Weersma RK, Zhernakova A
Gut. 2015;65(5):740-8 - PMID: 26657899 - PMCID: PMC4853569

Flow Cytometric Analysis of Mononuclear Phagocytes in Non-diseased Human Lung and Lung-draining Lymph Nodes.

Desch AN, Gibbings SL, Goyal R, Kolde R, Bednarek J, Bruno T, Slansky JE, Jacobelli J, Mason R, Ito Y, Messier E, Randolph GJ, Prabagar M, Atif SM, Segura E, Xavier RJ, Bratton DL, Janssen WJ, Henson PM, Jakubzick CV
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015;193(6):614-626 - PMID: 26551758 - PMCID: PMC4824940

Ubiquitin Ligase TRIM62 Regulates CARD9-Mediated Anti-fungal Immunity and Intestinal Inflammation.

Cao Z, Conway KL, Heath RJ, Rush JS, Leshchiner ES, Ramirez-Ortiz ZG, Nedelsky NB, Huang H, Ng A, Gardet A, Cheng SC, Shamji AF, Rioux JD, Wijmenga C, Netea MG, Means TK, Daly MJ, Xavier RJ
Immunity. 2015;43(4):715-726 - PMID: 26488816 - PMCID: PMC4672733

The Gut Microbiome Contributes to a Substantial Proportion of the Variation in Blood Lipids.

Fu J, Bonder MJ, Cenit MC, Tigchelaar E, Maatman A, Dekens JA, Brandsma E, Marczynska J, Imhann F, Weersma RK, Franke L, Poon TW, Xavier RJ, Gevers D, Hofker MH, Wijmenga C, Zhernakova A
Circ Res. 2015;117(9):817-24 - PMID: 26358192 - PMCID: PMC4596485

A Noncanonical Autophagy Pathway Restricts Toxoplasma gondii Growth in a Strain-Specific Manner in IFN-?-Activated Human Cells.

Selleck EM, Orchard RC, Lassen KG, Beatty WL, Xavier RJ, Levine B, Virgin HW, Sibley LD
MBio. 2015;6(5):e01157-15 - PMID: 26350966 - PMCID: PMC4600106

A Noncanonical Autophagy Pathway Restricts Toxoplasma gondii Growth in a Strain-Specific Manner in IFN-?-Activated Human Cells.

Selleck EM, Orchard RC, Lassen KG, Beatty WL, Xavier RJ, Levine B, Virgin HW, Sibley LD
MBio. 2015;6(5):e01157-15 - PMID: 26350966 - PMCID: PMC4600106

ConStrains identifies microbial strains in metagenomic datasets.

Luo C, Knight R, Siljander H, Knip M, Xavier RJ, Gevers D
Nat Biotechnol. 2015;33(10):1045-1052 - PMID: 26344404 - PMCID: PMC4676274

Pathogen Cell-to-Cell Variability Drives Heterogeneity in Host Immune Responses.

Avraham R, Haseley N, Brown D, Penaranda C, Jijon HB, Trombetta JJ, Satija R, Shalek AK, Xavier RJ, Regev A, Hung DT
Cell. 2015;162(6):1309-21 - PMID: 26343579 - PMCID: PMC4578813

Pathogen Cell-to-Cell Variability Drives Heterogeneity in Host Immune Responses.

Avraham R, Haseley N, Brown D, Penaranda C, Jijon HB, Trombetta JJ, Satija R, Shalek AK, Xavier RJ, Regev A, Hung DT
Cell. 2015;162(6):1309-21 - PMID: 26343579 - PMCID: PMC4578813

Common Genetic Variants Influence Circulating Vitamin D Levels in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Ananthakrishnan AN, Cagan A, Cai T, Gainer VS, Shaw SY, Churchill S, Karlson EW, Murphy SN, Kohane I, Liao KP, Xavier RJ
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015;21(11):2507-2514 - PMID: 26241000 - PMCID: PMC4615315

Growth dynamics of gut microbiota in health and disease inferred from single metagenomic samples.

Korem T, Zeevi D, Suez J, Weinberger A, Avnit-Sagi T, Pompan-Lotan M, Matot E, Jona G, Harmelin A, Cohen N, Sirota-Madi A, Thaiss CA, Pevsner-Fischer M, Sorek R, Xavier R, Elinav E, Segal E
Science. 2015;349(6252):1101-6 - PMID: 26229116 - PMCID: PMC5087275

Functional genomics identifies negative regulatory nodes controlling phagocyte oxidative burst.

Graham DB, Becker CE, Doan A, Goel G, Villablanca EJ, Knights D, Mok A, Ng AC, Doench JG, Root DE, Clish CB, Xavier RJ
Nat Commun. 2015;6:7838 - PMID: 26194095 - PMCID: PMC4518307

Small-molecule enhancers of autophagy modulate cellular disease phenotypes suggested by human genetics.

Kuo SY, Castoreno AB, Aldrich LN, Lassen KG, Goel G, Dan?ík V, Kuballa P, Latorre I, Conway KL, Sarkar S, Maetzel D, Jaenisch R, Clemons PA, Schreiber SL, Shamji AF, Xavier RJ
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112(31):E4281-7 - PMID: 26195741 - PMCID: PMC4534235

Body Mass Index, Genetic Susceptibility, and Risk of Complications Among Individuals with Crohn's Disease.

Pringle PL, Stewart KO, Peloquin JM, Sturgeon HC, Nguyen D, Sauk J, Garber JJ, Yajnik V, Ananthakrishnan AN, Chan AT, Xavier RJ, Khalili H
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015;21(10):2304-2310 - PMID: 26181430 - PMCID: PMC4567407

Role of Autophagy in the Maintenance of Intestinal Homeostasis.

Baxt LA, Xavier RJ
Gastroenterology. 2015;149(3):553-62 - PMID: 26170139 - PMCID: PMC4550567

Integrated Genomics of Crohn's Disease Risk Variant Identifies a Role for CLEC12A in Antibacterial Autophagy.

Begun J, Lassen KG, Jijon HB, Baxt LA, Goel G, Heath RJ, Ng A, Tam JM, Kuo SY, Villablanca EJ, Fagbami L, Oosting M, Kumar V, Schenone M, Carr SA, Joosten LA, Vyas JM, Daly MJ, Netea MG, Brown GD, Wijmenga C, Xavier RJ
Cell Rep. 2015;11(12):1905-1918 - PMID: 26095365 - PMCID: PMC4507440

Identification of an anti-inflammatory protein from Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, a commensal bacterium deficient in Crohn's disease.

Quévrain E, Maubert MA, Michon C, Chain F, Marquant R, Tailhades J, Miquel S, Carlier L, Bermúdez-Humarán LG, Pigneur B, Lequin O, Kharrat P, Thomas G, Rainteau D, Aubry C, Breyner N, Afonso C, Lavielle S, Grill JP, Chassaing G, Chatel JM, Trugnan G, Xavier R, Langella P, Sokol H, Seksik P
Gut. 2015;65(3):415-25 - PMID: 26045134 - PMCID: PMC5136800

CARMA3 Is Critical for the Initiation of Allergic Airway Inflammation.

Causton B, Ramadas RA, Cho JL, Jones K, Pardo-Saganta A, Rajagopal J, Xavier RJ, Medoff BD
J Immunol. 2015;195(2):683-94 - PMID: 26041536 - PMCID: PMC4489191

The kinase DYRK1A reciprocally regulates the differentiation of Th17 and regulatory T cells.

Khor B, Gagnon JD, Goel G, Roche MI, Conway KL, Tran K, Aldrich LN, Sundberg TB, Paterson AM, Mordecai S, Dombkowski D, Schirmer M, Tan PH, Bhan AK, Roychoudhuri R, Restifo NP, O'Shea JJ, Medoff BD, Shamji AF, Schreiber SL, Sharpe AH, Shaw SY, Xavier RJ
Elife. 2015;4:ePub - PMID: 25998054 - PMCID: PMC4441007

An Integrative View of Microbiome-Host Interactions in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Wlodarska M, Kostic AD, Xavier RJ
Cell Host Microbe. 2015;17(5):577-591 - PMID: 25974300 - PMCID: PMC4498258

Discovery of a Small-Molecule Probe for V-ATPase Function.

Aldrich LN, Kuo SY, Castoreno AB, Goel G, Kuballa P, Rees MG, Seashore-Ludlow BA, Cheah JH, Latorre IJ, Schreiber SL, Shamji AF, Xavier RJ
J Am Chem Soc. 2015;137(16):5563-8 - PMID: 25860544 - PMCID: PMC4416280

Associations between host gene expression, the mucosal microbiome, and clinical outcome in the pelvic pouch of patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Morgan XC, Kabakchiev B, Waldron L, Tyler AD, Tickle TL, Milgrom R, Stempak JM, Gevers D, Xavier RJ, Silverberg MS, Huttenhower C
Genome Biol. 2015;16(1):67 - PMID: 25887922 - PMCID: PMC4414286

Pediatric Crohn disease patients exhibit specific ileal transcriptome and microbiome signature.

Haberman Y, Tickle TL, Dexheimer PJ, Kim MO, Tang D, Karns R, Baldassano RN, Noe JD, Rosh J, Markowitz J, Heyman MB, Griffiths AM, Crandall WV, Mack DR, Baker SS, Huttenhower C, Keljo DJ, Hyams JS, Kugathasan S, Walters TD, Aronow B, Xavier RJ, Gevers D, Denson LA
J Clin Invest. 2015;125(3):1363 - PMID: 25729854 - PMCID: PMC4362234

A novel role for KLF14 in T regulatory cell differentiation.

Sarmento OF, Svingen PA, Xiong Y, Xavier RJ, McGovern D, Smyrk TC, Papadakis KA, Urrutia RA, Faubion WA
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015;1(2):188-202.e4 - PMID: 25750932 - PMCID: PMC4349492

The Dynamics of the Human Infant Gut Microbiome in Development and in Progression toward Type 1 Diabetes.

Kostic AD, Gevers D, Siljander H, Vatanen T, Hyötyläinen T, Hämäläinen AM, Peet A, Tillmann V, Pöhö P, Mattila I, Lähdesmäki H, Franzosa EA, Vaarala O, de Goffau M, Harmsen H, Ilonen J, Virtanen SM, Clish CB, Oreši? M, Huttenhower C, Knip M, , Xavier RJ
Cell Host Microbe. 2015;17(2):260-273 - PMID: 25662751 - PMCID: PMC4689191

Disease-Specific Alterations in the Enteric Virome in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Norman JM, Handley SA, Baldridge MT, Droit L, Liu CY, Keller BC, Kambal A, Monaco CL, Zhao G, Fleshner P, Stappenbeck TS, McGovern DP, Keshavarzian A, Mutlu EA, Sauk J, Gevers D, Xavier RJ, Wang D, Parkes M, Virgin HW
Cell. 2015;160(3):447-60 - PMID: 25619688 - PMCID: PMC4312520

Pyruvate Kinase M2 Regulates Hif-1? Activity and IL-1? Induction and Is a Critical Determinant of the Warburg Effect in LPS-Activated Macrophages.

Palsson-McDermott EM, Curtis AM, Goel G, Lauterbach MA, Sheedy FJ, Gleeson LE, van den Bosch MW, Quinn SR, Domingo-Fernandez R, Johnson DG, Jiang J, Israelsen WJ, Keane J, Thomas C, Clish C, Vanden Heiden M, Xavier RJ, O'Neill LA
Cell Metab. 2015;21(1):65-80 - PMID: 25565206 - PMCID: PMC5198835

Early life environment and natural history of inflammatory bowel diseases.

Guo AY, Stevens BW, Wilson RG, Russell CN, Cohen MA, Sturgeon HC, Thornton A, Giallourakis C, Khalili H, Nguyen DD, Sauk J, Yajnik V, Xavier RJ, Ananthakrishnan AN
BMC Gastroenterol. 2014;14(1):216 - PMID: 25510175 - PMCID: PMC4300207

Complex host genetics influence the microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease.

Knights D, Silverberg MS, Weersma RK, Gevers D, Dijkstra G, Huang H, Tyler AD, van Sommeren S, Imhann F, Stempak JM, Huang H, Vangay P, Al-Ghalith GA, Russell C, Sauk J, Knight J, Daly MJ, Huttenhower C, Xavier RJ
Genome Med. 2014;6(12):107 - PMID: 25587358 - PMCID: PMC4292994

Autophagy and checkpoints for intracellular pathogen defense.

Paulus GL, Xavier RJ
Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2014;31(1):14-23 - PMID: 25394238 - PMCID: PMC4330559

Autophagy Controls BCG-Induced Trained Immunity and the Response to Intravesical BCG Therapy for Bladder Cancer.

Buffen K, Oosting M, Quintin J, Ng A, Kleinnijenhuis J, Kumar V, van de Vosse E, Wijmenga C, van Crevel R, Oosterwijk E, Grotenhuis AJ, Vermeulen SH, Kiemeney LA, van de Veerdonk FL, Chamilos G, Xavier RJ, van der Meer JW, Netea MG, Joosten LA
PLoS Pathog. 2014;10(10):e1004485 - PMID: 25356988 - PMCID: PMC4214925

BCG-induced trained immunity in NK cells: Role for non-specific protection to infection.

Kleinnijenhuis J, Quintin J, Preijers F, Joosten LA, Jacobs C, Xavier RJ, van der Meer JW, van Crevel R, Netea MG
Clin Immunol. 2014;155(2):213-219 - PMID: 25451159 - PMCID: PMC5084088

Genetics of immune-mediated disorders: from genome-wide association to molecular mechanism.

Kumar V, Wijmenga C, Xavier RJ
Curr Opin Immunol. 2014;31C:51-57 - PMID: 25458995 - PMCID: PMC5080657

An Image-Based Genetic Assay Identifies Genes in T1D Susceptibility Loci Controlling Cellular Antiviral Immunity in Mouse.

Liao J, Jijon HB, Kim IR, Goel G, Doan A, Sokol H, Bauer H, Herrmann BG, Lassen KG, Xavier RJ
PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e108777 - PMID: 25268627 - PMCID: PMC4182575

CRISPR-Cas9 Knockin Mice for Genome Editing and Cancer Modeling.

Platt RJ, Chen S, Zhou Y, Yim MJ, Swiech L, Kempton HR, Dahlman JE, Parnas O, Eisenhaure TM, Jovanovic M, Graham DB, Jhunjhunwala S, Heidenreich M, Xavier RJ, Langer R, Anderson DG, Hacohen N, Regev A, Feng G, Sharp PA, Zhang F
Cell. 2014;159(2):440-55 - PMID: 25263330 - PMCID: PMC4265475

Transmembrane adaptor protein PAG/CBP is involved in both positive and negative regulation of mast cell signaling.

Draberova L, Bugajev V, Potuckova L, Halova I, Bambouskova M, Polakovicova I, Xavier RJ, Seed B, Draber P
Mol Cell Biol. 2014;34(23):4285-300 - PMID: 25246632 - PMCID: PMC4248753

Small-molecule control of cytokine function: new opportunities for treating immune disorders.

Sundberg TB, Xavier RJ, Schreiber SL, Shamji AF
Curr Opin Chem Biol. 2014;23C:23-30 - PMID: 25222143 - PMCID: PMC5087273

Immunochip SNP array identifies novel genetic variants conferring susceptibility to candidaemia.

Kumar V, Cheng SC, Johnson MD, Smeekens SP, Wojtowicz A, Giamarellos-Bourboulis E, Karjalainen J, Franke L, Withoff S, Plantinga TS, van de Veerdonk FL, van der Meer JW, Joosten LA, Sokol H, Bauer H, Herrmann BG, Bochud PY, Marchetti O, Perfect JR, Xavier RJ, Kullberg BJ, Wijmenga C, Netea MG
Nat Commun. 2014;5:4675 - PMID: 25197941 - PMCID: PMC5142444

Rational design of highly active sgRNAs for CRISPR-Cas9-mediated gene inactivation.

Doench JG, Hartenian E, Graham DB, Tothova Z, Hegde M, Smith I, Sullender M, Ebert BL, Xavier RJ, Root DE
Nat Biotechnol. 2014;32(12):1262-1267 - PMID: 25184501 - PMCID: PMC4262738

Epigenetic programming of monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation and trained innate immunity.

Saeed S, Quintin J, Kerstens HH, Rao NA, Aghajanirefah A, Matarese F, Cheng SC, Ratter J, Berentsen K, van der Ent MA, Sharifi N, Janssen-Megens EM, Ter Huurne M, Mandoli A, van Schaik T, Ng A, Burden F, Downes K, Frontini M, Kumar V, Giamarellos-Bourboulis EJ, Ouwehand WH, van der Meer JW, Joosten LA, Wijmenga C, Martens JH, Xavier RJ, Logie C, Netea MG, Stunnenberg HG
Science. 2014;345(6204):1251086 - PMID: 25258085 - PMCID: PMC4242194

mTOR- and HIF-1?-mediated aerobic glycolysis as metabolic basis for trained immunity.

Cheng SC, Quintin J, Cramer RA, Shepardson KM, Saeed S, Kumar V, Giamarellos-Bourboulis EJ, Martens JH, Rao NA, Aghajanirefah A, Manjeri GR, Li Y, Ifrim DC, Arts RJ, van der Meer BM, Deen PM, Logie C, O'Neill LA, Willems P, van de Veerdonk FL, van der Meer JW, Ng A, Joosten LA, Wijmenga C, Stunnenberg HG, Xavier RJ, Netea MG
Science. 2014;345(6204):1250684 - PMID: 25258083 - PMCID: PMC4226238

Multivariate inference of pathway activity in host immunity and response to therapeutics.

Goel G, Conway KL, Jaeger M, Netea MG, Xavier RJ
Nucleic Acids Res. 2014;42(16):10288-306 - PMID: 25147207 - PMCID: PMC4176341

An alteration in ATG16L1 stability in Crohn disease.

Lassen KG, Xavier RJ
Autophagy. 2014;10(10):1858-1860 - PMID: 25136803 - PMCID: PMC4198368

Small-molecule screening identifies inhibition of salt-inducible kinases as a therapeutic strategy to enhance immunoregulatory functions of dendritic cells.

Sundberg TB, Choi HG, Song JH, Russell CN, Hussain MM, Graham DB, Khor B, Gagnon J, O'Connell DJ, Narayan K, Dan?ík V, Perez JR, Reinecker HC, Gray NS, Schreiber SL, Xavier RJ, Shamji AF
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111(34):12468-12473 - PMID: 25114223 - PMCID: PMC4151730

Pediatric Crohn disease patients exhibit specific ileal transcriptome and microbiome signature.

Haberman Y, Tickle TL, Dexheimer PJ, Kim MO, Tang D, Karns R, Baldassano RN, Noe JD, Rosh J, Markowitz J, Heyman MB, Griffiths AM, Crandall WV, Mack DR, Baker SS, Huttenhower C, Keljo DJ, Hyams JS, Kugathasan S, Walters TD, Aronow B, Xavier RJ, Gevers D, Denson LA
J Clin Invest. 2014;124(8):3617-33 - PMID: 25003194 - PMCID: PMC4109533

SLCO3A1, a Novel Crohn's Disease-Associated Gene, Regulates NF-?B Activity and Associates with Intestinal Perforation.

Wei SC, Tan YY, Weng MT, Lai LC, Hsiao JH, Chuang EY, Shun CT, Wu DC, Kao AW, Chuang CS, Ni YH, Shieh MJ, Tung CC, Chen Y, Wang CY, Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK, Wong JM
PLoS One. 2014;9(6):e100515 - PMID: 24945726 - PMCID: PMC4063938

Inflammatory Bowel Disease as a Model for Translating the Microbiome.

Huttenhower C, Kostic AD, Xavier RJ
Immunity. 2014;40(6):843-854 - PMID: 24950204 - PMCID: PMC4135443

Dectin-1 dependent LC3 recruitment to phagosomes enhances fungicidal activity in macrophages.

Tam JM, Mansour MK, Khan NS, Seward M, Puranam S, Tanne A, Sokolovska A, Becker CE, Acharya M, Baird MA, Choi AM, Davidson MW, Segal BH, Lacy-Hulbert A, Stuart LM, Xavier RJ, Vyas JM
J Infect Dis. 2014;210(11):1844-54 - PMID: 24842831 - PMCID: PMC4271056

Atg16L1 T300A variant decreases selective autophagy resulting in altered cytokine signaling and decreased antibacterial defense.

Lassen KG, Kuballa P, Conway KL, Patel KK, Becker CE, Peloquin JM, Villablanca EJ, Norman JM, Liu TC, Heath RJ, Becker ML, Fagbami L, Horn H, Mercer J, Yilmaz OH, Jaffe JD, Shamji AF, Bhan AK, Carr SA, Daly MJ, Virgin HW, Schreiber SL, Stappenbeck TS, Xavier RJ
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111(21):7741-7746 - PMID: 24821797 - PMCID: PMC4040621

Genetic Polymorphisms in Metabolizing Enzymes Modifying the Association Between Smoking and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Ananthakrishnan AN, Nguyen DD, Sauk J, Yajnik V, Xavier RJ
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014;20(5):783-9 - PMID: 24651583 - PMCID: PMC4113010

The treatment-naive microbiome in new-onset Crohn's disease.

Gevers D, Kugathasan S, Denson LA, Vázquez-Baeza Y, Van Treuren W, Ren B, Schwager E, Knights D, Song SJ, Yassour M, Morgan XC, Kostic AD, Luo C, González A, McDonald D, Haberman Y, Walters T, Baker S, Rosh J, Stephens M, Heyman M, Markowitz J, Baldassano R, Griffiths A, Sylvester F, Mack D, Kim S, Crandall W, Hyams J, Huttenhower C, Knight R, Xavier RJ
Cell Host Microbe. 2014;15(3):382-92 - PMID: 24629344 - PMCID: PMC4059512

Human Genome-Wide RNAi Screen Identifies an Essential Role for Inositol Pyrophosphates in Type-I Interferon Response.

Pulloor NK, Nair S, Kostic AD, Bist P, Weaver JD, Riley AM, Tyagi R, Uchil PD, York JD, Snyder SH, García-Sastre A, Potter BV, Lin R, Shears SB, Xavier RJ, Krishnan MN
PLoS Pathog. 2014;10(2):e1003981 - PMID: 24586175 - PMCID: PMC3937324

IL-1 receptor blockade restores autophagy and reduces inflammation in chronic granulomatous disease in mice and in humans.

de Luca A, Smeekens SP, Casagrande A, Iannitti R, Conway KL, Gresnigt MS, Begun J, Plantinga TS, Joosten LA, van der Meer JW, Chamilos G, Netea MG, Xavier RJ, Dinarello CA, Romani L, van de Veerdonk FL
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111(9):3526-31 - PMID: 24550444 - PMCID: PMC3948220

The Microbiome in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Current Status and the Future Ahead.

Kostic AD, Xavier RJ, Gevers D
Gastroenterology. 2014;146(6):1489-99 - PMID: 24560869 - PMCID: PMC4034132

SMAD3 gene variant is a risk factor for recurrent surgery in patients with Crohn's disease.

Fowler SA, Ananthakrishnan AN, Gardet A, Stevens CR, Korzenik JR, Sands BE, Daly MJ, Xavier RJ, Yajnik V
J Crohns Colitis. 2014;8(8):845-51 - PMID: 24461721 - PMCID: PMC4237062

Differential Effect of Genetic Burden on Disease Phenotypes in Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis: Analysis of a North American Cohort.

Ananthakrishnan AN, Huang H, Nguyen DD, Sauk J, Yajnik V, Xavier RJ
Am J Gastroenterol. 2014;109(3):395-400 - PMID: 24419484 - PMCID: PMC4225079

Autophagy is essential for cardiac morphogenesis during vertebrate development.

Lee E, Koo Y, Ng A, Wei Y, Luby-Phelps K, Juraszek A, Xavier RJ, Cleaver O, Levine B, Amatruda JF
Autophagy. 2014;10(4):572-87 - PMID: 24441423 - PMCID: PMC4091146

Autosis is a Na+,K+-ATPase-regulated form of cell death triggered by autophagy-inducing peptides, starvation, and hypoxia-ischemia.

Liu Y, Shoji-Kawata S, Sumpter RM, Wei Y, Ginet V, Zhang L, Posner B, Tran KA, Green DR, Xavier RJ, Shaw SY, Clarke PG, Puyal J, Levine B
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110(51):20364-71 - PMID: 24277826 - PMCID: PMC3870705

Autophagy is redundant for the host defense against systemic Candida albicans infections.

Smeekens SP, Malireddi RK, Plantinga TS, Buffen K, Oosting M, Joosten LA, Kullberg BJ, Perfect JR, Scott WK, van de Veerdonk FL, Xavier RJ, van de Vosse E, Kanneganti TD, Johnson MD, Netea MG
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013;33(5):711-22 - PMID: 24202731

Autophagy at the crossroads of metabolism and cellular defense.

Begun J, Xavier RJ
Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2013;29(6):588-596 - PMID: 24100719

Long-Lasting Effects of BCG Vaccination on Both Heterologous Th1/Th17 Responses and Innate Trained Immunity.

Kleinnijenhuis J, Quintin J, Preijers F, Benn CS, Joosten LA, Jacobs C, van Loenhout J, Xavier RJ, Aaby P, van der Meer JW, van Crevel R, Netea MG
J Innate Immun. 2013;6(2):152-8 - PMID: 24192057 - PMCID: PMC3944069

Selective Modulation of Autophagy, Innate Immunity, and Adaptive Immunity by Small Molecules.

Shaw SY, Tran K, Castoreno AB, Peloquin JM, Lassen KG, Khor B, Aldrich LN, Tan PH, Graham DB, Kuballa P, Goel G, Daly MJ, Shamji AF, Schreiber SL, Xavier RJ
ACS Chem Biol. 2013;8(12):2724-33 - PMID: 24168452 - PMCID: PMC3951132

Novel Mechanism of Tumor Suppression by Polarity Gene Discs Large 1 (DLG1) Revealed in a Murine Model of Pediatric B-ALL.

Sandoval GJ, Graham DB, Gmyrek GB, Akilesh HM, Fujikawa K, Sammut B, Bhattacharya D, Srivatsan S, Kim A, Shaw AS, Yang-Iott K, Bassing CH, Duncavage E, Xavier RJ, Swat W
Cancer Immunol Res. 2013;1(6):426-37 - PMID: 24778134 - PMCID: PMC4006353

Advances in inflammatory bowel disease pathogenesis: linking host genetics and the microbiome.

Knights D, Lassen KG, Xavier RJ
Gut. 2013;62(10):1505-10 - PMID: 24037875 - PMCID: PMC3822528

Genetic Variants Synthesize to Produce Paneth Cell Phenotypes that Define Subtypes of Crohn's Disease.

Vandussen KL, Liu TC, Li D, Towfic F, Modiano N, Winter R, Haritunians T, Taylor KD, Dhall D, Targan SR, Xavier RJ, McGovern DP, Stappenbeck TS
Gastroenterology. 2013;146(1):200-9 - PMID: 24076061 - PMCID: PMC3899786

Deep Resequencing of GWAS Loci Identifies Rare Variants in CARD9, IL23R and RNF186 That Are Associated with Ulcerative Colitis.

Beaudoin M, Goyette P, Boucher G, Lo KS, Rivas MA, Stevens C, Alikashani A, Ladouceur M, Ellinghaus D, Törkvist L, Goel G, Lagacé C, Annese V, Bitton A, Begun J, Brant SR, Bresso F, Cho JH, Duerr RH, Halfvarson J, McGovern DP, Radford-Smith G, Schreiber S, Schumm PL, Sharma Y, Silverberg MS, Weersma RK, , , , D'Amato M, Vermeire S, Franke A, Lettre G, Xavier RJ, Daly MJ, Rioux JD
PLoS Genet. 2013;9(9):e1003723 - PMID: 24068945 - PMCID: PMC3772057

Atg16l1 is Required for Autophagy in Intestinal Epithelial Cells and Protection of Mice from Salmonella Infection.

Conway KL, Kuballa P, Song JH, Patel KK, Castoreno AB, Yilmaz OH, Jijon HB, Zhang M, Aldrich LN, Villablanca EJ, Peloquin JM, Goel G, Lee IA, Mizoguchi E, Shi HN, Bhan AK, Shaw SY, Schreiber SL, Virgin HW, Shamji AF, Stappenbeck TS, Reinecker HC, Xavier RJ
Gastroenterology. 2013;145(6):1347-57 - PMID: 23973919 - PMCID: PMC3840157

Beclin 2 Functions in Autophagy, Degradation of G Protein-Coupled Receptors, and Metabolism.

He C, Wei Y, Sun K, Li B, Dong X, Zou Z, Liu Y, Kinch LN, Khan S, Sinha S, Xavier RJ, Grishin NV, Xiao G, Eskelinen EL, Scherer PE, Whistler JL, Levine B
Cell. 2013;154(5):1085-99 - PMID: 23954414 - PMCID: PMC4231430

Functional profiling of the gut microbiome in disease-associated inflammation.

Börnigen D, Morgan XC, Franzosa EA, Ren B, Xavier RJ, Garrett WS, Huttenhower C
Genome Med. 2013;5(7):65 - PMID: 23906180 - PMCID: PMC3978847

Genetic risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection in ulcerative colitis.

Ananthakrishnan AN, Oxford EC, Nguyen DD, Sauk J, Yajnik V, Xavier RJ
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013;38(5):522-30 - PMID: 23848254 - PMCID: PMC3755009

Skin Microbiome Imbalance in Patients with STAT1/STAT3 Defects Impairs Innate Host Defense Responses.

Smeekens SP, Huttenhower C, Riza A, van de Veerdonk FL, Zeeuwen PL, Schalkwijk J, van der Meer JW, Xavier RJ, Netea MG, Gevers D
J Innate Immun. 2013;6(3):253-62 - PMID: 23796786 - PMCID: PMC4045018

Card9 Mediates Intestinal Epithelial Cell Restitution, T-helper 17 Responses, and Control of Bacterial Infection in Mice.

Sokol H, Conway KL, Zhang M, Choi M, Morin B, Cao Z, Villablanca EJ, Li C, Wijmenga C, Yun SH, Shi HN, Xavier RJ
Gastroenterology. 2013;145(3):591-601.e3 - PMID: 23732773 - PMCID: PMC3781941

Conformational stability, vibrational spectra, HOMO-LUMO and NBO analysis of 1,3,4-thiadiazolidine-2,5-dithione with experimental (FT-IR and FT-Raman) techniques and scaled quantum mechanical calculations.

Xavier RJ, Dinesh P
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013;113C:171-181 - PMID: 23727670

How Does Genotype Influence Disease Phenotype in Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

Ananthakrishnan AN, Xavier RJ
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013;19(9):2021-30 - PMID: 23644824 - PMCID: PMC3720704

Concomitant BRAF and PI3K/mTOR Blockade Is Required for Effective Treatment of BRAFV600E Colorectal Cancer.

Coffee EM, Faber AC, Roper J, Sinnamon MJ, Goel G, Keung L, Wang WV, Vecchione L, de Vriendt V, Weinstein BJ, Bronson RT, Tejpar S, Xavier RJ, Engelman JA, Martin ES, Hung KE
Clin Cancer Res. 2013;19(10):2688-98 - PMID: 23549875 - PMCID: PMC3815598

From genetics of inflammatory bowel disease towards mechanistic insights.

Graham DB, Xavier RJ
Trends Immunol. 2013;34(8):371-8 - PMID: 23639549 - PMCID: PMC3735683

Genome-wide Analysis of Immune System Genes by Expressed Sequence Tag Profiling.

Giallourakis CC, Benita Y, Molinie B, Cao Z, Despo O, Pratt HE, Zukerberg LR, Daly MJ, Rioux JD, Xavier RJ
J Immunol. 2013;190(11):5578-5587 - PMID: 23616578 - PMCID: PMC3703829

Succinate is an inflammatory signal that induces IL-1? through HIF-1?.

Tannahill GM, Curtis AM, Adamik J, Palsson-McDermott EM, McGettrick AF, Goel G, Frezza C, Bernard NJ, Kelly B, Foley NH, Zheng L, Gardet A, Tong Z, Jany SS, Corr SC, Haneklaus M, Caffrey BE, Pierce K, Walmsley S, Beasley FC, Cummins E, Nizet V, Whyte M, Taylor CT, Lin H, Masters SL, Gottlieb E, Kelly VP, Clish C, Auron PE, Xavier RJ, O'Neill LA
Nature. 2013;496(7444):238-42 - PMID: 23535595 - PMCID: PMC4031686

Receptor interacting protein kinase 2-mediated mitophagy regulates inflammasome activation during virus infection.

Lupfer C, Thomas PG, Anand PK, Vogel P, Milasta S, Martinez J, Huang G, Green M, Kundu M, Chi H, Xavier RJ, Green DR, Lamkanfi M, Dinarello CA, Doherty PC, Kanneganti TD
Nat Immunol. 2013;14(5):480-8 - PMID: 23525089 - PMCID: PMC3631456

Polarity gene discs large homolog 1 regulates the generation of memory T cells.

Gmyrek GB, Graham DB, Sandoval G, Blaufuss GS, Akilesh HM, Fujikawa K, Xavier RJ, Swat W
Eur J Immunol. 2013;43(5):1185-94 - PMID: 23436244 - PMCID: PMC3894631

Cutting Edge: cell-autonomous control of IL-7 response revealed in a novel stage of precursor B cells.

Sandoval GJ, Graham DB, Bhattacharya D, Sleckman BP, Xavier RJ, Swat W
J Immunol. 2013;190(6):2485-9 - PMID: 23420891 - PMCID: PMC3649847

Development of a Colon Cancer GEMM-Derived Orthotopic Transplant Model for Drug Discovery and Validation.

Martin ES, Belmont PJ, Sinnamon MJ, Georgeon Richard L, Yuan J, Coffee EM, Roper J, Lee L, Heidari P, Lunt SY, Goel G, Ji C, Xie J, Xie T, Lamb J, Weinrich S, Vanarsdale TL, Bronson RT, Xavier RJ, Vander Heiden M, Kan JL, Mahmood U, Hung KE
Clin Cancer Res. 2013;19(11):2929-40 - PMID: 23403635 - PMCID: PMC3951107

Mutations causing medullary cystic kidney disease type 1 lie in a large VNTR in MUC1 missed by massively parallel sequencing.

Kirby A, Gnirke A, Jaffe DB, Barešová V, Pochet N, Blumenstiel B, Ye C, Aird D, Stevens C, Robinson JT, Cabili MN, Gat-Viks I, Kelliher E, Daza R, Defelice M, H?lková H, Sovová J, Vylet'al P, Antignac C, Guttman M, Handsaker RE, Perrin D, Steelman S, Sigurdsson S, Scheinman SJ, Sougnez C, Cibulskis K, Parkin M, Green T, Rossin E, Zody MC, Xavier RJ, Pollak MR, Alper SL, Lindblad-Toh K, Gabriel S, Hart PS, Regev A, Nusbaum C, Kmoch S, Bleyer AJ, Lander ES, Daly MJ
Nat Genet. 2013;45(3):299-303 - PMID: 23396133 - PMCID: PMC3901305

?-6 Polyunsaturated fatty acids extend life span through the activation of autophagy.

O'Rourke EJ, Kuballa P, Xavier R, Ruvkun G
Genes Dev. 2013;27(4):429-40 - PMID: 23392608 - PMCID: PMC3589559

Autophagy modulates Borrelia burgdorferi-induced production of interleukin-1? (IL-1?).

Buffen K, Oosting M, Mennens S, Anand PK, Plantinga TS, Sturm P, van de Veerdonk FL, van der Meer JW, Xavier RJ, Kannegati TD, Netea MG, Joosten LA
J Biol Chem. 2013;288(12):8658-66 - PMID: 23386602 - PMCID: PMC3605684

Identification of a candidate therapeutic autophagy-inducing peptide.

Shoji-Kawata S, Sumpter R, Leveno M, Campbell GR, Zou Z, Kinch L, Wilkins AD, Sun Q, Pallauf K, MacDuff D, Huerta C, Virgin HW, Helms JB, Eerland R, Tooze SA, Xavier R, Lenschow DJ, Yamamoto A, King D, Lichtarge O, Grishin NV, Spector SA, Kaloyanova DV, Levine B
Nature. 2013;494(7436):201-6 - PMID: 23364696 - PMCID: PMC3788641

ATG5 regulates plasma cell differentiation.

Conway KL, Kuballa P, Khor B, Zhang M, Shi HN, Virgin HW, Xavier RJ
Autophagy. 2013;9(4):528-37 - PMID: 23327930 - PMCID: PMC3627668

Angiotensin II Drives the Production of Tumor-Promoting Macrophages.

Cortez-Retamozo V, Etzrodt M, Newton A, Ryan R, Pucci F, Sio SW, Kuswanto W, Rauch PJ, Chudnovskiy A, Iwamoto Y, Kohler R, Marinelli B, Gorbatov R, Wojtkiewicz G, Panizzi P, Mino-Kenudson M, Forghani R, Figueiredo JL, Chen JW, Xavier R, Swirski FK, Nahrendorf M, Weissleder R, Pittet MJ
Immunity. 2013;38(2):296-308 - PMID: 23333075 - PMCID: PMC3582771

Functional genomics identifies type I interferon pathway as central for host defense against Candida albicans.

Smeekens SP, Ng A, Kumar V, Johnson MD, Plantinga TS, van Diemen C, Arts P, Verwiel ET, Gresnigt MS, Fransen K, van Sommeren S, Oosting M, Cheng SC, Joosten LA, Hoischen A, Kullberg BJ, Scott WK, Perfect JR, van der Meer JW, Wijmenga C, Netea MG, Xavier RJ
Nat Commun. 2013;4:1342 - PMID: 23299892 - PMCID: PMC3625375

The LRR and RING Domain Protein LRSAM1 Is an E3 Ligase Crucial for Ubiquitin-Dependent Autophagy of Intracellular Salmonella Typhimurium.

Huett A, Heath RJ, Begun J, Sassi SO, Baxt LA, Vyas JM, Goldberg MB, Xavier RJ
Cell Host Microbe. 2012;12(6):778-90 - PMID: 23245322 - PMCID: PMC3785244

Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.

Jostins L, Ripke S, Weersma RK, Duerr RH, McGovern DP, Hui KY, Lee JC, Schumm LP, Sharma Y, Anderson CA, Essers J, Mitrovic M, Ning K, Cleynen I, Theatre E, Spain SL, Raychaudhuri S, Goyette P, Wei Z, Abraham C, Achkar JP, Ahmad T, Amininejad L, Ananthakrishnan AN, Andersen V, Andrews JM, Baidoo L, Balschun T, Bampton PA, Bitton A, Boucher G, Brand S, Büning C, Cohain A, Cichon S, D'Amato M, De Jong D, Devaney KL, Dubinsky M, Edwards C, Ellinghaus D, Ferguson LR, Franchimont D, Fransen K, Ge ...
Nature. 2012;491(7422):119-24 - PMID: 23128233 - PMCID: PMC3491803

Common alleles that influence autophagy and the risk for inflammatory bowel disease.

Gardet A, Xavier RJ
Curr Opin Immunol. 2012;24(5):522-9 - PMID: 23041451

Dysfunction of the intestinal microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease and treatment.

Morgan XC, Tickle TL, Sokol H, Gevers D, Devaney KL, Ward DV, Reyes JA, Shah SA, Leleiko N, Snapper SB, Bousvaros A, Korzenik J, Sands BE, Xavier RJ, Huttenhower C
Genome Biol. 2012;13(9):R79 - PMID: 23013615 - PMCID: PMC3506950

Bacille Calmette-Guerin induces NOD2-dependent nonspecific protection from reinfection via epigenetic reprogramming of monocytes.

Kleinnijenhuis J, Quintin J, Preijers F, Joosten LA, Ifrim DC, Saeed S, Jacobs C, van Loenhout J, de Jong D, Stunnenberg HG, Xavier RJ, van der Meer JW, van Crevel R, Netea MG
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109(43):17537-42 - PMID: 22988082 - PMCID: PMC3491454

Essential cell autonomous role for interferon regulatory factor 1 in interferon-?-mediated inhibition of norovirus replication in macrophages.

Maloney NS, Thackray LB, Goel G, Hwang S, Duan E, Vachharajani P, Xavier R, Virgin HW
J Virol. 2012;86(23):12655-64 - PMID: 22973039 - PMCID: PMC3497668

p40phox Expression Regulates Neutrophil Recruitment and Function during the Resolution Phase of Intestinal Inflammation.

Conway KL, Goel G, Sokol H, Manocha M, Mizoguchi E, Terhorst C, Bhan AK, Gardet A, Xavier RJ
J Immunol. 2012;189(7):3631-40 - PMID: 22914050 - PMCID: PMC3780969

Enhanced Tim3 Activity Improves Survival after Influenza Infection.

Cho JL, Roche MI, Sandall B, Brass AL, Seed B, Xavier RJ, Medoff BD
J Immunol. 2012;189(6):2879-89 - PMID: 22875804 - PMCID: PMC3436990

Enhanced Tim3 activity improves survival after influenza infection.

Cho JL, Roche MI, Sandall B, Brass AL, Seed B, Xavier RJ, Medoff BD
J Immunol. 2012;189(6):2879-89 - PMID: 22875804 - PMCID: PMC3436990

Candida albicans Infection Affords Protection against Reinfection via Functional Reprogramming of Monocytes.

Quintin J, Saeed S, Martens JH, Giamarellos-Bourboulis EJ, Ifrim DC, Logie C, Jacobs L, Jansen T, Kullberg BJ, Wijmenga C, Joosten LA, Xavier RJ, van der Meer JW, Stunnenberg HG, Netea MG
Cell Host Microbe. 2012;12(2):223-32 - PMID: 22901542 - PMCID: PMC3864037

Case 23-2012.

Xavier RJ, Gala MK, Bronzo BK, Kelly PJ
N Engl J Med. 2012;367(4):363-73 - PMID: 22830467

Non-invasive mapping of the gastrointestinal microbiota identifies children with inflammatory bowel disease.

Papa E, Docktor M, Smillie C, Weber S, Preheim SP, Gevers D, Giannoukos G, Ciulla D, Tabbaa D, Ingram J, Schauer DB, Ward DV, Korzenik JR, Xavier RJ, Bousvaros A, Alm EJ
PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e39242 - PMID: 22768065 - PMCID: PMC3387146

Helminth Infection Impairs Autophagy-Mediated Killing of Bacterial Enteropathogens by Macrophages.

Su CW, Cao Y, Zhang M, Kaplan J, Su L, Fu Y, Walker WA, Xavier R, Cherayil BJ, Shi HN
J Immunol. 2012;189(3):1459-66 - PMID: 22732589 - PMCID: PMC3423331

Establishment and characterization of a novel chordoma cell line: CH22.

Liu X, Nielsen GP, Rosenberg AE, Waterman PR, Yang W, Choy E, Sassi S, Yang S, Harmon DC, Yang C, Schwab JH, Kobayashi E, Mankin HJ, Xavier R, Weissleder R, Duan Z, Hornicek FJ
J Orthop Res. 2012;30(10):1666-73 - PMID: 22504929

Regulation of monocyte functional heterogeneity by miR-146a and Relb.

Etzrodt M, Cortez-Retamozo V, Newton A, Zhao J, Ng A, Wildgruber M, Romero P, Wurdinger T, Xavier R, Geissmann F, Meylan E, Nahrendorf M, Swirski FK, Baltimore D, Weissleder R, Pittet MJ
Cell Rep. 2012;1(4):317-324 - PMID: 22545247 - PMCID: PMC3334310

Autophagy and the immune system.

Kuballa P, Nolte WM, Castoreno AB, Xavier RJ
Annu Rev Immunol. 2012;30:611-46 - PMID: 22449030

Nondegradative Role of Atg5-Atg12/ Atg16L1 Autophagy Protein Complex in Antiviral Activity of Interferon Gamma.

Hwang S, Maloney NS, Bruinsma MW, Goel G, Duan E, Zhang L, Shrestha B, Diamond MS, Dani A, Sosnovtsev SV, Green KY, Lopez-Otin C, Xavier RJ, Thackray LB, Virgin HW
Cell Host Microbe. 2012;11(4):397-409 - PMID: 22520467 - PMCID: PMC3348177

Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy.

Klionsky DJ, Abdalla FC, Abeliovich H, Abraham RT, Acevedo-Arozena A, Adeli K, Agholme L, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Aguirre-Ghiso JA, Ahn HJ, Ait-Mohamed O, Ait-Si-Ali S, Akematsu T, Akira S, Al-Younes HM, Al-Zeer MA, Albert ML, Albin RL, Alegre-Abarrategui J, Aleo MF, Alirezaei M, Almasan A, Almonte-Becerril M, Amano A, Amaravadi R, Amarnath S, Amer AO, Andrieu-Abadie N, Anantharam V, Ann DK, Anoopkumar-Dukie S, Aoki H, Apostolova N, Auberger P, Baba M, Backues SK, Baehrecke EH, Bahr BA, Bai ...
Autophagy. 2012;8(4):445-544 - PMID: 22966490 - PMCID: PMC3404883

ONCOGENIC KRAS REGULATES BMP4 EXPRESSION IN COLON CANCER CELL LINES.

Duerr EM, Mizukami Y, Moriichi K, Gala M, Jo WS, Kikuchi H, Xavier RJ, Chung DC
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012;302(10):G1223-30 - PMID: 22383492 - PMCID: PMC3362092

Tribbles 2 (Trib2) is a novel regulator of toll-like receptor 5 signaling.

Wei SC, Rosenberg IM, Cao Z, Huett AS, Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2012;18(5):877-88 - PMID: 22271508 - PMCID: PMC3881418

Genome-wide siRNA screen for mediators of NF-?B activation.

Gewurz BE, Towfic F, Mar JC, Shinners NP, Takasaki K, Zhao B, Cahir-McFarland ED, Quackenbush J, Xavier RJ, Kieff E
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109(7):2467-72 - PMID: 22308454 - PMCID: PMC3289371

Autophagy suppresses interleukin-1? (IL-1?) signaling by activation of p62 degradation via lysosomal and proteasomal pathways.

Lee J, Kim HR, Quinley C, Kim J, Gonzalez-Navajas J, Xavier R, Raz E
J Biol Chem. 2011;287(6):4033-40 - PMID: 22167182 - PMCID: PMC3281713

Image-based genome-wide siRNA screen identifies selective autophagy factors.

Orvedahl A, Sumpter R, Xiao G, Ng A, Zou Z, Tang Y, Narimatsu M, Gilpin C, Sun Q, Roth M, Forst CV, Wrana JL, Zhang YE, Luby-Phelps K, Xavier RJ, Xie Y, Levine B
Nature. 2011;480(7375):113-7 - PMID: 22020285 - PMCID: PMC3229641

CARMA1 is necessary for optimal T cell responses in a murine model of allergic asthma.

Ramadas RA, Roche MI, Moon JJ, Ludwig T, Xavier RJ, Medoff BD
J Immunol. 2011;187(12):6197-207 - PMID: 22075698 - PMCID: PMC3237896

Caspase 8 inhibits programmed necrosis by processing CYLD.

O'Donnell MA, Perez-Jimenez E, Oberst A, Ng A, Massoumi R, Xavier R, Green DR, Ting AT
Nat Cell Biol. 2011;13(12):1437-42 - PMID: 22037414 - PMCID: PMC3229661

Genome-wide expression profiling implicates a MAST3-regulated gene set in colonic mucosal inflammation of ulcerative colitis patients.

Labbé C, Boucher G, Foisy S, Alikashani A, Nkwimi H, David G, Beaudoin M, Goyette P, Charron G, Xavier RJ, Rioux JD
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011;18(6):1072-80 - PMID: 21994190 - PMCID: PMC3269563

Deep resequencing of GWAS loci identifies independent rare variants associated with inflammatory bowel disease.

Rivas MA, Beaudoin M, Gardet A, Stevens C, Sharma Y, Zhang CK, Boucher G, Ripke S, Ellinghaus D, Burtt N, Fennell T, Kirby A, Latiano A, Goyette P, Green T, Halfvarson J, Haritunians T, Korn JM, Kuruvilla F, Lagacé C, Neale B, Lo KS, Schumm P, Törkvist L, , , , Dubinsky MC, Brant SR, Silverberg MS, Duerr RH, Altshuler D, Gabriel S, Lettre G, Franke A, D'Amato M, McGovern DP, Cho JH, Rioux JD, Xavier RJ, Daly MJ
Nat Genet. 2011;43(11):1066-73 - PMID: 21983784 - PMCID: PMC3378381

HCV causes chronic endoplasmic reticulum stress leading to adaptation and interference with the unfolded protein response.

Merquiol E, Uzi D, Mueller T, Goldenberg D, Nahmias Y, Xavier RJ, Tirosh B, Shibolet O
PLoS One. 2011;6(9):e24660 - PMID: 21949742 - PMCID: PMC3176279

Phosphoprotein associated with glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomains differentially modulates SRC kinase activity in brain maturation.

Lindquist S, Karitkina D, Langnaese K, Posevitz-Fejfar A, Schraven B, Xavier R, Seed B, Lindquist JA
PLoS One. 2011;6(9):e23978 - PMID: 21915273 - PMCID: PMC3167820

Leucine-rich repeat (LRR) proteins: integrators of pattern recognition and signaling in immunity.

Ng A, Xavier RJ
Autophagy. 2011;7(9):1082-4 - PMID: 21606681 - PMCID: PMC3901792

Control of NOD2 and Rip2-dependent innate immune activation by GEF-H1.

Zhao Y, Alonso C, Ballester I, Song JH, Chang SY, Guleng B, Arihiro S, Murray PJ, Xavier R, Kobayashi KS, Reinecker HC
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011;18(4):603-12 - PMID: 21887730 - PMCID: PMC3594873

Use of an optical trap for study of host-pathogen interactions for dynamic live cell imaging.

Tam JM, Castro CE, Heath RJ, Mansour MK, Cardenas ML, Xavier RJ, Lang MJ, Vyas JM
J Vis Exp. 2011;(53):ePub - PMID: 21841755 - PMCID: PMC3197446

Genetics and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease.

Khor B, Gardet A, Xavier RJ
Nature. 2011;474(7351):307-17 - PMID: 21677747 - PMCID: PMC3204665

A Francisella tularensis locus required for spermine responsiveness is necessary for virulence.

Russo BC, Horzempa J, O'Dee DM, Schmitt DM, Brown MJ, Carlson PE, Xavier RJ, Nau GJ
Infect Immun. 2011;79(9):3665-76 - PMID: 21670171 - PMCID: PMC3165480

MyD88-dependent TLR1/2 signals educate dendritic cells with gut-specific imprinting properties.

Wang S, Villablanca EJ, De Calisto J, Gomes DC, Nguyen DD, Mizoguchi E, Kagan JC, Reinecker HC, Hacohen N, Nagler C, Xavier RJ, Rossi-Bergmann B, Chen YB, Blomhoff R, Snapper SB, Mora JR
J Immunol. 2011;187(1):141-50 - PMID: 21646294 - PMCID: PMC3119749

Recurrent chromosomal copy number alterations in sporadic chordomas.

Le LP, Nielsen GP, Rosenberg AE, Thomas D, Batten JM, Deshpande V, Schwab J, Duan Z, Xavier RJ, Hornicek FJ, Iafrate AJ
PLoS One. 2011;6(5):e18846 - PMID: 21602918 - PMCID: PMC3094331

Bacterial and host determinants of MAL activation upon EPEC infection: the roles of Tir, ABRA, and FLRT3.

Heath RJ, Leong JM, Visegrády B, Machesky LM, Xavier RJ
PLoS Pathog. 2011;7(4):e1001332 - PMID: 21490959 - PMCID: PMC3072376

Crohn disease: a current perspective on genetics, autophagy and immunity.

Stappenbeck TS, Rioux JD, Mizoguchi A, Saitoh T, Huett A, Darfeuille-Michaud A, Wileman T, Mizushima N, Carding S, Akira S, Parkes M, Xavier RJ
Autophagy. 2011;7(4):355-74 - PMID: 20729636 - PMCID: PMC3842289

Meta-analysis identifies 29 additional ulcerative colitis risk loci, increasing the number of confirmed associations to 47.

Anderson CA, Boucher G, Lees CW, Franke A, D'Amato M, Taylor KD, Lee JC, Goyette P, Imielinski M, Latiano A, Lagacé C, Scott R, Amininejad L, Bumpstead S, Baidoo L, Baldassano RN, Barclay M, Bayless TM, Brand S, Büning C, Colombel JF, Denson LA, De Vos M, Dubinsky M, Edwards C, Ellinghaus D, Fehrmann RS, Floyd JA, Florin T, Franchimont D, Franke L, Georges M, Glas J, Glazer NL, Guthery SL, Haritunians T, Hayward NK, Hugot JP, Jobin G, Laukens D, Lawrance I, Lémann M, Levine A, Libioulle C, L ...
Nat Genet. 2011;43(3):246-52 - PMID: 21297633 - PMCID: PMC3084597

Proteins encoded in genomic regions associated with immune-mediated disease physically interact and suggest underlying biology.

Rossin EJ, Lage K, Raychaudhuri S, Xavier RJ, Tatar D, Benita Y, , Cotsapas C, Daly MJ
PLoS Genet. 2011;7(1):e1001273 - PMID: 21249183 - PMCID: PMC3020935

Control and manipulation of pathogens with an optical trap for live cell imaging of intercellular interactions.

Tam JM, Castro CE, Heath RJ, Cardenas ML, Xavier RJ, Lang MJ, Vyas JM
PLoS One. 2010;5(12):e15215 - PMID: 21217821 - PMCID: PMC3013098

Failure and exploitation of autophagy in human pathologies-cellular integrity between inflammation, infection, and cell survival.

Kuballa P, Xavier RJ
Semin Immunopathol. 2010;32(4):319-22 - PMID: 21107575

Ubiquitin accumulation in autophagy-deficient mice is dependent on the Nrf2-mediated stress response pathway: a potential role for protein aggregation in autophagic substrate selection.

Riley BE, Kaiser SE, Shaler TA, Ng AC, Hara T, Hipp MS, Lage K, Xavier RJ, Ryu KY, Taguchi K, Yamamoto M, Tanaka K, Mizushima N, Komatsu M, Kopito RR
J Cell Biol. 2010;191(3):537-52 - PMID: 21041446 - PMCID: PMC3003313

LRRK2 is involved in the IFN-gamma response and host response to pathogens.

Gardet A, Benita Y, Li C, Sands BE, Ballester I, Stevens C, Korzenik JR, Rioux JD, Daly MJ, Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK
J Immunol. 2010;185(9):5577-85 - PMID: 20921534 - PMCID: PMC3156100

NLRP3 inflammasome plays a key role in the regulation of intestinal homeostasis.

Hirota SA, Ng J, Lueng A, Khajah M, Parhar K, Li Y, Lam V, Potentier MS, Ng K, Bawa M, McCafferty DM, Rioux KP, Ghosh S, Xavier RJ, Colgan SP, Tschopp J, Muruve D, MacDonald JA, Beck PL
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2010;17(6):1359-72 - PMID: 20872834 - PMCID: PMC3026862

Human IRGM gene "to be or not to be".

Bekpen C, Xavier RJ, Eichler EE
Semin Immunopathol. 2010;32(4):437-44 - PMID: 20737271

Genome-wide analysis reveals mechanisms modulating autophagy in normal brain aging and in Alzheimer's disease.

Lipinski MM, Zheng B, Lu T, Yan Z, Py BF, Ng A, Xavier RJ, Li C, Yankner BA, Scherzer CR, Yuan J
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107(32):14164-9 - PMID: 20660724 - PMCID: PMC2922576

Wnt signaling regulates mitochondrial physiology and insulin sensitivity.

Yoon JC, Ng A, Kim BH, Bianco A, Xavier RJ, Elledge SJ
Genes Dev. 2010;24(14):1507-18 - PMID: 20634317 - PMCID: PMC2904941

A systems biology viewpoint on autophagy in health and disease.

Huett A, Goel G, Xavier RJ
Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2010;26(4):302-9 - PMID: 20571384

Human leucine-rich repeat proteins: a genome-wide bioinformatic categorization and functional analysis in innate immunity.

Ng AC, Eisenberg JM, Heath RJ, Huett A, Robinson CM, Nau GJ, Xavier RJ
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;108 Suppl 1:4631-8 - PMID: 20616063 - PMCID: PMC3063585

A genome-wide siRNA screen reveals multiple mTORC1 independent signaling pathways regulating autophagy under normal nutritional conditions.

Lipinski MM, Hoffman G, Ng A, Zhou W, Py BF, Hsu E, Liu X, Eisenberg J, Liu J, Blenis J, Xavier RJ, Yuan J
Dev Cell. 2010;18(6):1041-52 - PMID: 20627085 - PMCID: PMC2935848

Characterization and analysis of human chordoma cell lines.

Yang C, Hornicek FJ, Wood KB, Schwab JH, Choy E, Iafrate J, Rosenberg A, Nielsen GP, Xavier RJ, Mankin H, Duan Z
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35(13):1257-64 - PMID: 20461036 - PMCID: PMC3769690

Virus-plus-susceptibility gene interaction determines Crohn's disease gene Atg16L1 phenotypes in intestine.

Cadwell K, Patel KK, Maloney NS, Liu TC, Ng AC, Storer CE, Head RD, Xavier R, Stappenbeck TS, Virgin HW
Cell. 2010;141(7):1135-45 - PMID: 20602997 - PMCID: PMC2908380

Differential expression of microRNA (miRNA) in chordoma reveals a role for miRNA-1 in Met expression.

Duan Z, Choy E, Nielsen GP, Rosenberg A, Iafrate J, Yang C, Schwab J, Mankin H, Xavier R, Hornicek FJ
J Orthop Res. 2010;28(6):746-52 - PMID: 20041488

Gene enrichment profiles reveal T-cell development, differentiation, and lineage-specific transcription factors including ZBTB25 as a novel NF-AT repressor.

Benita Y, Cao Z, Giallourakis C, Li C, Gardet A, Xavier RJ
Blood. 2010;115(26):5376-84 - PMID: 20410506 - PMCID: PMC2902135

Exploring the interplay of barrier function and leukocyte recruitment in intestinal inflammation by targeting fucosyltransferase VII and trefoil factor 3.

Beck PL, Ihara E, Hirota SA, MacDonald JA, Meng D, Nanthakumar NN, Podolsky DK, Xavier RJ
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010;299(1):G43-53 - PMID: 20299601 - PMCID: PMC2904110

Genome-wide association identifies multiple ulcerative colitis susceptibility loci.

McGovern DP, Gardet A, Törkvist L, Goyette P, Essers J, Taylor KD, Neale BM, Ong RT, Lagacé C, Li C, Green T, Stevens CR, Beauchamp C, Fleshner PR, Carlson M, D'Amato M, Halfvarson J, Hibberd ML, Lördal M, Padyukov L, Andriulli A, Colombo E, Latiano A, Palmieri O, Bernard EJ, Deslandres C, Hommes DW, de Jong DJ, Stokkers PC, Weersma RK, , Sharma Y, Silverberg MS, Cho JH, Wu J, Roeder K, Brant SR, Schumm LP, Duerr RH, Dubinsky MC, Glazer NL, Haritunians T, Ippoliti A, Melmed GY, Siscovick DS ...
Nat Genet. 2010;42(4):332-7 - PMID: 20228799 - PMCID: PMC3087600

Autophagy at the gut interface: mucosal responses to stress and the consequences for inflammatory bowel diseases.

Huett A, Xavier RJ
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2010;16(1):152-74 - PMID: 19575363 - PMCID: PMC3954538

The IFITM proteins mediate cellular resistance to influenza A H1N1 virus, West Nile virus, and dengue virus.

Brass AL, Huang IC, Benita Y, John SP, Krishnan MN, Feeley EM, Ryan BJ, Weyer JL, van der Weyden L, Fikrig E, Adams DJ, Xavier RJ, Farzan M, Elledge SJ
Cell. 2009;139(7):1243-54 - PMID: 20064371 - PMCID: PMC2824905

Common variants at five new loci associated with early-onset inflammatory bowel disease.

Imielinski M, Baldassano RN, Griffiths A, Russell RK, Annese V, Dubinsky M, Kugathasan S, Bradfield JP, Walters TD, Sleiman P, Kim CE, Muise A, Wang K, Glessner JT, Saeed S, Zhang H, Frackelton EC, Hou C, Flory JH, Otieno G, Chiavacci RM, Grundmeier R, Castro M, Latiano A, Dallapiccola B, Stempak J, Abrams DJ, Taylor K, McGovern D, , Silber G, Wrobel I, Quiros A, , Barrett JC, Hansoul S, Nicolae DL, Cho JH, Duerr RH, Rioux JD, Brant SR, Silverberg MS, Taylor KD, Barmuda MM, Bitton A, Dasso ...
Nat Genet. 2009;41(12):1335-40 - PMID: 19915574 - PMCID: PMC3267927

Autophagy, immunity and human disease.

Heath RJ, Xavier RJ
Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2009;25(6):512-20 - PMID: 19826372 - PMCID: PMC2849745

Regulation of inflammatory responses by gut microbiota and chemoattractant receptor GPR43.

Maslowski KM, Vieira AT, Ng A, Kranich J, Sierro F, Yu D, Schilter HC, Rolph MS, Mackay F, Artis D, Xavier RJ, Teixeira MM, Mackay CR
Nature. 2009;461(7268):1282-6 - PMID: 19865172 - PMCID: PMC3256734

Crohn's disease-associated adherent-invasive E. coli are selectively favoured by impaired autophagy to replicate intracellularly.

Lapaquette P, Glasser AL, Huett A, Xavier RJ, Darfeuille-Michaud A
Cell Microbiol. 2009;12(1):99-113 - PMID: 19747213 - PMCID: PMC3743084

A genome-wide genetic screen for host factors required for hepatitis C virus propagation.

Li Q, Brass AL, Ng A, Hu Z, Xavier RJ, Liang TJ, Elledge SJ
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106(38):16410-5 - PMID: 19717417 - PMCID: PMC2752535

Building complex biological networks based upon model organisms: mapping the human autophagy interactome via a hybrid yeast-human protein interaction network.

Huett A, Xavier R
Autophagy. 2009;5(6):884-6 - PMID: 19535904

Identification of Atg5-dependent transcriptional changes and increases in mitochondrial mass in Atg5-deficient T lymphocytes.

Stephenson LM, Miller BC, Ng A, Eisenberg J, Zhao Z, Cadwell K, Graham DB, Mizushima NN, Xavier R, Virgin HW, Swat W
Autophagy. 2009;5(5):625-35 - PMID: 19276668 - PMCID: PMC3737142

Identifying relationships among genomic disease regions: predicting genes at pathogenic SNP associations and rare deletions.

Raychaudhuri S, Plenge RM, Rossin EJ, Ng AC, , Purcell SM, Sklar P, Scolnick EM, Xavier RJ, Altshuler D, Daly MJ
PLoS Genet. 2009;5(6):e1000534 - PMID: 19557189 - PMCID: PMC2694358

An integrative genomics approach identifies Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1 (HIF-1)-target genes that form the core response to hypoxia.

Benita Y, Kikuchi H, Smith AD, Zhang MQ, Chung DC, Xavier RJ
Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37(14):4587-602 - PMID: 19491311 - PMCID: PMC2724271

The cytoskeletal scaffold Shank3 is recruited to pathogen-induced actin rearrangements.

Huett A, Leong JM, Podolsky DK, Xavier RJ
Exp Cell Res. 2009;315(12):2001-11 - PMID: 19371741 - PMCID: PMC2693461

A novel hybrid yeast-human network analysis reveals an essential role for FNBP1L in antibacterial autophagy.

Huett A, Ng A, Cao Z, Kuballa P, Komatsu M, Daly MJ, Podolsky DK, Xavier RJ
J Immunol. 2009;182(8):4917-30 - PMID: 19342671 - PMCID: PMC2752416

Selective activation of nuclear factor kappa B in the cochlea by sensory and inflammatory stress.

Adams JC, Seed B, Lu N, Landry A, Xavier RJ
Neuroscience. 2009;160(2):530-9 - PMID: 19285117 - PMCID: PMC2673023

Selective activation of nuclear factor kappa B in the cochlea by sensory and inflammatory stress.

Adams JC, Seed B, Lu N, Landry A, Xavier RJ
Neuroscience. 2009;160(2):530-9 - PMID: 19285117 - PMCID: PMC2673023

A functional genomic screen identifies cellular cofactors of hepatitis C virus replication.

Tai AW, Benita Y, Peng LF, Kim SS, Sakamoto N, Xavier RJ, Chung RT
Cell Host Microbe. 2009;5(3):298-307 - PMID: 19286138 - PMCID: PMC2756022

Genetic variants in the region harbouring IL2/IL21 associated with ulcerative colitis.

Festen EA, Goyette P, Scott R, Annese V, Zhernakova A, Lian J, Lefèbvre C, Brant SR, Cho JH, Silverberg MS, Taylor KD, de Jong DJ, Stokkers PC, Mcgovern D, Palmieri O, Achkar JP, Xavier RJ, Daly MJ, Duerr RH, Wijmenga C, Weersma RK, Rioux JD
Gut. 2009;58(6):799-804 - PMID: 19201773 - PMCID: PMC2757103

HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha have divergent roles in colon cancer.

Imamura T, Kikuchi H, Herraiz MT, Park DY, Mizukami Y, Mino-Kenduson M, Lynch MP, Rueda BR, Benita Y, Xavier RJ, Chung DC
Int J Cancer. 2009;124(4):763-71 - PMID: 19030186 - PMCID: PMC2682346

On the level: IRGM gene function is all about expression.

Huett A, McCarroll SA, Daly MJ, Xavier RJ
Autophagy. 2009;5(1):96-9 - PMID: 19029815 - PMCID: PMC3204672

Differential requirement for CARMA1 in agonist-selected T-cell development.

Medoff BD, Sandall BP, Landry A, Nagahama K, Mizoguchi A, Luster AD, Xavier RJ
Eur J Immunol. 2009;39(1):78-84 - PMID: 19130560 - PMCID: PMC2747028

Rassf family of tumor suppressor polypeptides.

Avruch J, Xavier R, Bardeesy N, Zhang XF, Praskova M, Zhou D, Xia F
J Biol Chem. 2008;284(17):11001-5 - PMID: 19091744 - PMCID: PMC2670104

The Nore1B/Mst1 complex restrains antigen receptor-induced proliferation of naïve T cells.

Zhou D, Medoff BD, Chen L, Li L, Zhang XF, Praskova M, Liu M, Landry A, Blumberg RS, Boussiotis VA, Xavier R, Avruch J
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105(51):20321-6 - PMID: 19073936 - PMCID: PMC2600581

Identification of a molecular signaling network that regulates a cellular necrotic cell death pathway.

Hitomi J, Christofferson DE, Ng A, Yao J, Degterev A, Xavier RJ, Yuan J
Cell. 2008;135(7):1311-23 - PMID: 19109899 - PMCID: PMC2621059

Role for beta-catenin and HOX transcription factors in Caenorhabditis elegans and mammalian host epithelial-pathogen interactions.

Irazoqui JE, Ng A, Xavier RJ, Ausubel FM
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105(45):17469-74 - PMID: 18981407 - PMCID: PMC2582251

Impaired autophagy of an intracellular pathogen induced by a Crohn's disease associated ATG16L1 variant.

Kuballa P, Huett A, Rioux JD, Daly MJ, Xavier RJ
PLoS One. 2008;3(10):e3391 - PMID: 18852889 - PMCID: PMC2566595

A key role for autophagy and the autophagy gene Atg16l1 in mouse and human intestinal Paneth cells.

Cadwell K, Liu JY, Brown SL, Miyoshi H, Loh J, Lennerz JK, Kishi C, Kc W, Carrero JA, Hunt S, Stone CD, Brunt EM, Xavier RJ, Sleckman BP, Li E, Mizushima N, Stappenbeck TS, Virgin HW
Nature. 2008;456(7219):259-63 - PMID: 18849966 - PMCID: PMC2695978

Deletion polymorphism upstream of IRGM associated with altered IRGM expression and Crohn's disease.

McCarroll SA, Huett A, Kuballa P, Chilewski SD, Landry A, Goyette P, Zody MC, Hall JL, Brant SR, Cho JH, Duerr RH, Silverberg MS, Taylor KD, Rioux JD, Altshuler D, Daly MJ, Xavier RJ
Nat Genet. 2008;40(9):1107-12 - PMID: 19165925 - PMCID: PMC2731799

RNA interference screen for human genes associated with West Nile virus infection.

Krishnan MN, Ng A, Sukumaran B, Gilfoy FD, Uchil PD, Sultana H, Brass AL, Adametz R, Tsui M, Qian F, Montgomery RR, Lev S, Mason PW, Koski RA, Elledge SJ, Xavier RJ, Agaisse H, Fikrig E
Nature. 2008;455(7210):242-5 - PMID: 18690214 - PMCID: PMC3136529

CARMA3 mediates lysophosphatidic acid-stimulated cytokine secretion by bronchial epithelial cells.

Medoff BD, Landry AL, Wittbold KA, Sandall BP, Derby MC, Cao Z, Adams JC, Xavier RJ
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2008;40(3):286-94 - PMID: 18757306 - PMCID: PMC2645526

Genome-wide association studies: a new window into immune-mediated diseases.

Xavier RJ, Rioux JD
Nat Rev Immunol. 2008;8(8):631-43 - PMID: 18654571 - PMCID: PMC2750781

Genome-wide association studies: a new window into immune-mediated diseases.

Xavier RJ, Rioux JD
Nat Rev Immunol. 2008;8(8):631-43 - PMID: 18654571 - PMCID: PMC2750781

MAST3: a novel IBD risk factor that modulates TLR4 signaling.

Labbé C, Goyette P, Lefebvre C, Stevens C, Green T, Tello-Ruiz MK, Cao Z, Landry AL, Stempak J, Annese V, Latiano A, Brant SR, Duerr RH, Taylor KD, Cho JH, Steinhart AH, Daly MJ, Silverberg MS, Xavier RJ, Rioux JD
Genes Immun. 2008;9(7):602-12 - PMID: 18650832 - PMCID: PMC2574831

Hoxc6 is overexpressed in gastrointestinal carcinoids and interacts with JunD to regulate tumor growth.

Fujiki K, Duerr EM, Kikuchi H, Ng A, Xavier RJ, Mizukami Y, Imamura T, Kulke MH, Chung DC
Gastroenterology. 2008;135(3):907-16, 916.e1-2 - PMID: 18655788 - PMCID: PMC3777410

Molecular association between beta-catenin degradation complex and Rac guanine exchange factor DOCK4 is essential for Wnt/beta-catenin signaling.

Upadhyay G, Goessling W, North TE, Xavier R, Zon LI, Yajnik V
Oncogene. 2008;27(44):5845-55 - PMID: 18641688 - PMCID: PMC4774646

The tumour suppressor CYLD is a negative regulator of RIG-I-mediated antiviral response.

Friedman CS, O'Donnell MA, Legarda-Addison D, Ng A, Cárdenas WB, Yount JS, Moran TM, Basler CF, Komuro A, Horvath CM, Xavier R, Ting AT
EMBO Rep. 2008;9(9):930-6 - PMID: 18636086 - PMCID: PMC2529351

Genome-wide association defines more than 30 distinct susceptibility loci for Crohn's disease.

Barrett JC, Hansoul S, Nicolae DL, Cho JH, Duerr RH, Rioux JD, Brant SR, Silverberg MS, Taylor KD, Barmada MM, Bitton A, Dassopoulos T, Datta LW, Green T, Griffiths AM, Kistner EO, Murtha MT, Regueiro MD, Rotter JI, Schumm LP, Steinhart AH, Targan SR, Xavier RJ, , Libioulle C, Sandor C, Lathrop M, Belaiche J, Dewit O, Gut I, Heath S, Laukens D, Mni M, Rutgeerts P, Van Gossum A, Zelenika D, Franchimont D, Hugot JP, de Vos M, Vermeire S, Louis E, , , Cardon LR, Anderson CA, Drummond H, Nimm ...
Nat Genet. 2008;40(8):955-62 - PMID: 18587394 - PMCID: PMC2574810

SPTLC1 binds ABCA1 to negatively regulate trafficking and cholesterol efflux activity of the transporter.

Tamehiro N, Zhou S, Okuhira K, Benita Y, Brown CE, Zhuang DZ, Latz E, Hornemann T, von Eckardstein A, Xavier RJ, Freeman MW, Fitzgerald ML
Biochemistry. 2008;47(23):6138-47 - PMID: 18484747 - PMCID: PMC2504083

Neither hide nor hair: the difficulty of identifying useful disease biomarkers.

Huett A, Xavier RJ
Gastroenterology. 2008;134(7):2164-8 - PMID: 18486617

Spinophilin and the immune synapse.

Seed B, Xavier R
J Cell Biol. 2008;181(2):181-3 - PMID: 18411314 - PMCID: PMC2315665

Defining molecular classifications and targets in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors through DNA microarray analysis.

Duerr EM, Mizukami Y, Ng A, Xavier RJ, Kikuchi H, Deshpande V, Warshaw AL, Glickman J, Kulke MH, Chung DC
Endocr Relat Cancer. 2008;15(1):243-56 - PMID: 18310291

Improvement of bone disease by imiglucerase (Cerezyme) therapy in patients with skeletal manifestations of type 1 Gaucher disease: results of a 48-month longitudinal cohort study.

Sims KB, Pastores GM, Weinreb NJ, Barranger J, Rosenbloom BE, Packman S, Kaplan P, Mankin H, Xavier R, Angell J, Fitzpatrick MA, Rosenthal D
Clin Genet. 2008;73(5):430-40 - PMID: 18312448 - PMCID: PMC2440418

Autophagy as an important process in gut homeostasis and Crohn's disease pathogenesis.

Xavier RJ, Huett A, Rioux JD
Gut. 2008;57(6):717-20 - PMID: 18272545 - PMCID: PMC2735854

IL-22 ameliorates intestinal inflammation in a mouse model of ulcerative colitis.

Sugimoto K, Ogawa A, Mizoguchi E, Shimomura Y, Andoh A, Bhan AK, Blumberg RS, Xavier RJ, Mizoguchi A
J Clin Invest. 2008;118(2):534-44 - PMID: 18172556 - PMCID: PMC2157567

Gene-centric association mapping of chromosome 3p implicates MST1 in IBD pathogenesis.

Goyette P, Lefebvre C, Ng A, Brant SR, Cho JH, Duerr RH, Silverberg MS, Taylor KD, Latiano A, Aumais G, Deslandres C, Jobin G, Annese V, Daly MJ, Xavier RJ, Rioux JD
Mucosal Immunol. 2008;1(2):131-8 - PMID: 19079170 - PMCID: PMC4550306

Defective signal transduction in B lymphocytes lacking presenilin proteins.

Yagi T, Giallourakis C, Mohanty S, Scheidig C, Shen J, Zheng H, Xavier RJ, Shaw AC
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105(3):979-84 - PMID: 18195359 - PMCID: PMC2242696

Identification of host proteins required for HIV infection through a functional genomic screen.

Brass AL, Dykxhoorn DM, Benita Y, Yan N, Engelman A, Xavier RJ, Lieberman J, Elledge SJ
Science. 2008;319(5865):921-6 - PMID: 18187620

SNPping away at the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease.

Huett A, Xavier R
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2008;14(1):136-7 - PMID: 17941076

AKAP13, a RhoA GTPase-specific guanine exchange factor, is a novel regulator of TLR2 signaling.

Shibolet O, Giallourakis C, Rosenberg I, Mueller T, Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK
J Biol Chem. 2007;282(48):35308-17 - PMID: 17878165

Wiskott Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) and N-WASP are critical for T cell development.

Cotta-de-Almeida V, Westerberg L, Maillard MH, Onaldi D, Wachtel H, Meelu P, Chung UI, Xavier R, Alt FW, Snapper SB
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104(39):15424-9 - PMID: 17878299 - PMCID: PMC2000553

DLG1 is an anchor for the E3 ligase MARCH2 at sites of cell-cell contact.

Cao Z, Huett A, Kuballa P, Giallourakis C, Xavier RJ
Cell Signal. 2007;20(1):73-82 - PMID: 17980554 - PMCID: PMC2257480

DLGH1 is a negative regulator of T-lymphocyte proliferation.

Stephenson LM, Sammut B, Graham DB, Chan-Wang J, Brim KL, Huett AS, Miletic AV, Kloeppel T, Landry A, Xavier R, Swat W
Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27(21):7574-81 - PMID: 17724087 - PMCID: PMC2169038

Unravelling the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease.

Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK
Nature. 2007;448(7152):427-34 - PMID: 17653185

Molecular pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease: genotypes, phenotypes and personalized medicine.

Goyette P, Labbé C, Trinh TT, Xavier RJ, Rioux JD
Ann Med. 2007;39(3):177-99 - PMID: 17457716

Genome-wide association study identifies new susceptibility loci for Crohn disease and implicates autophagy in disease pathogenesis.

Rioux JD, Xavier RJ, Taylor KD, Silverberg MS, Goyette P, Huett A, Green T, Kuballa P, Barmada MM, Datta LW, Shugart YY, Griffiths AM, Targan SR, Ippoliti AF, Bernard EJ, Mei L, Nicolae DL, Regueiro M, Schumm LP, Steinhart AH, Rotter JI, Duerr RH, Cho JH, Daly MJ, Brant SR
Nat Genet. 2007;39(5):596-604 - PMID: 17435756 - PMCID: PMC2757939

Discs-large homolog 1 regulates smooth muscle orientation in the mouse ureter.

Mahoney ZX, Sammut B, Xavier RJ, Cunningham J, Go G, Brim KL, Stappenbeck TS, Miner JH, Swat W
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103(52):19872-7 - PMID: 17172448 - PMCID: PMC1750896

Vav proteins control MyD88-dependent oxidative burst.

Miletic AV, Graham DB, Montgrain V, Fujikawa K, Kloeppel T, Brim K, Weaver B, Schreiber R, Xavier R, Swat W
Blood. 2006;109(8):3360-8 - PMID: 17158234 - PMCID: PMC1852252

ABCA3 inactivation in mice causes respiratory failure, loss of pulmonary surfactant, and depletion of lung phosphatidylglycerol.

Fitzgerald ML, Xavier R, Haley KJ, Welti R, Goss JL, Brown CE, Zhuang DZ, Bell SA, Lu N, McKee M, Seed B, Freeman MW
J Lipid Res. 2006;48(3):621-32 - PMID: 17142808

Bcl10 is phosphorylated on Ser138 by Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II.

Ishiguro K, Ando T, Goto H, Xavier R
Mol Immunol. 2006;44(8):2095-100 - PMID: 17052756

Centaurin beta1 down-regulates nucleotide-binding oligomerization domains 1- and 2-dependent NF-kappaB activation.

Yamamoto-Furusho JK, Barnich N, Xavier R, Hisamatsu T, Podolsky DK
J Biol Chem. 2006;281(47):36060-70 - PMID: 17005562

Paeonol attenuates TNBS-induced colitis by inhibiting NF-kappaB and STAT1 transactivation.

Ishiguro K, Ando T, Maeda O, Hasegawa M, Kadomatsu K, Ohmiya N, Niwa Y, Xavier R, Goto H
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2006;217(1):35-42 - PMID: 16928387

A molecular-properties-based approach to understanding PDZ domain proteins and PDZ ligands.

Giallourakis C, Cao Z, Green T, Wachtel H, Xie X, Lopez-Illasaca M, Daly M, Rioux J, Xavier R
Genome Res. 2006;16(8):1056-72 - PMID: 16825666 - PMCID: PMC1524865

Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II is a modulator of CARMA1-mediated NF-kappaB activation.

Ishiguro K, Green T, Rapley J, Wachtel H, Giallourakis C, Landry A, Cao Z, Lu N, Takafumi A, Goto H, Daly MJ, Xavier RJ
Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26(14):5497-508 - PMID: 16809782 - PMCID: PMC1592706

Isolation and analysis of lipid rafts in cell-cell interactions.

Landry A, Xavier R
Methods Mol Biol. 2006;341:251-82 - PMID: 16799204

Immune cell transcriptome datasets reveal novel leukocyte subset-specific genes and genes associated with allergic processes.

Liu SM, Xavier R, Good KL, Chtanova T, Newton R, Sisavanh M, Zimmer S, Deng C, Silva DG, Frost MJ, Tangye SG, Rolph MS, Mackay CR
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;118(2):496-503 - PMID: 16890777

CARMA1 is critical for the development of allergic airway inflammation in a murine model of asthma.

Medoff BD, Seed B, Jackobek R, Zora J, Yang Y, Luster AD, Xavier R
J Immunol. 2006;176(12):7272-7 - PMID: 16751370

Nore1B regulates TCR signaling via Ras and Carma1.

Ishiguro K, Avruch J, Landry A, Qin S, Ando T, Goto H, Xavier R
Cell Signal. 2006;18(10):1647-54 - PMID: 16520020 - PMCID: PMC3204664

Large-scale screens for cDNAs with in vivo activity.

Ting A, Lichtenthaler S, Xavier R, Na SY, Rabizadeh S, Holmes T, Seed B
Novartis Found Symp. 2005;267:219-29; discussion 229-30 - PMID: 15999809

Membrane recruitment of NOD2 in intestinal epithelial cells is essential for nuclear factor-{kappa}B activation in muramyl dipeptide recognition.

Barnich N, Aguirre JE, Reinecker HC, Xavier R, Podolsky DK
J Cell Biol. 2005;170(1):21-6 - PMID: 15998797 - PMCID: PMC2171381

PDZ domains and the politics of polarity in lymphocytes.

Xavier R, Seed B
Immunity. 2005;22(6):655-6 - PMID: 15963778

Commensal flora: wolf in sheep's clothing.

Xavier R, Podolsky DK
Gastroenterology. 2005;128(4):1122-6 - PMID: 15825094

GRIM-19 interacts with nucleotide oligomerization domain 2 and serves as downstream effector of anti-bacterial function in intestinal epithelial cells.

Barnich N, Hisamatsu T, Aguirre JE, Xavier R, Reinecker HC, Podolsky DK
J Biol Chem. 2005;280(19):19021-6 - PMID: 15753091

Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer identify scaffold protein CNK1 interactions in intact cells.

Lopez-Ilasaca MA, Bernabe-Ortiz JC, Na SY, Dzau VJ, Xavier RJ
FEBS Lett. 2005;579(3):648-54 - PMID: 15670823

Wave2 activates serum response element via its VCA region and functions downstream of Rac.

Ishiguro K, Cao Z, Ilasca ML, Ando T, Xavier R
Exp Cell Res. 2004;301(2):331-7 - PMID: 15530867

Discs large (Dlg1) complexes in lymphocyte activation.

Xavier R, Rabizadeh S, Ishiguro K, Andre N, Ortiz JB, Wachtel H, Morris DG, Lopez-Ilasaca M, Shaw AC, Swat W, Seed B
J Cell Biol. 2004;166(2):173-8 - PMID: 15263016 - PMCID: PMC2172307

The scaffold protein CNK1 interacts with the tumor suppressor RASSF1A and augments RASSF1A-induced cell death.

Rabizadeh S, Xavier RJ, Ishiguro K, Bernabeortiz J, Lopez-Ilasaca M, Khokhlatchev A, Mollahan P, Pfeifer GP, Avruch J, Seed B
J Biol Chem. 2004;279(28):29247-54 - PMID: 15075335

Chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-induced intestinal damage is regulated by intestinal trefoil factor.

Beck PL, Wong JF, Li Y, Swaminathan S, Xavier RJ, Devaney KL, Podolsky DK
Gastroenterology. 2004;126(3):796-808 - PMID: 14988834

Paradoxical roles of different nitric oxide synthase isoforms in colonic injury.

Beck PL, Xavier R, Wong J, Ezedi I, Mashimo H, Mizoguchi A, Mizoguchi E, Bhan AK, Podolsky DK
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2004;286(1):G137-47 - PMID: 14665440

Homer-3 regulates activation of serum response element in T cells via its EVH1 domain.

Ishiguro K, Xavier R
Blood. 2003;103(6):2248-56 - PMID: 14645007

Colonic epithelial functional phenotype varies with type and phase of experimental colitis.

Mizoguchi E, Xavier RJ, Reinecker HC, Uchino H, Bhan AK, Podolsky DK, Mizoguchi A
Gastroenterology. 2003;125(1):148-61 - PMID: 12851880

Essential role for Vav1 in activation, but not development, of gammadelta T cells.

Swat W, Xavier R, Mizoguchi A, Mizoguchi E, Fredericks J, Fujikawa K, Bhan AK, Alt FW
Int Immunol. 2003;15(2):215-21 - PMID: 12578851

Transforming growth factor-beta mediates intestinal healing and susceptibility to injury in vitro and in vivo through epithelial cells.

Beck PL, Rosenberg IM, Xavier RJ, Koh T, Wong JF, Podolsky DK
Am J Pathol. 2003;162(2):597-608 - PMID: 12547717 - PMCID: PMC1851153

Decreased bone density in splenectomized Gaucher patients receiving enzyme replacement therapy.

Schiffmann R, Mankin H, Dambrosia JM, Xavier RJ, Kreps C, Hill SC, Barton NW, Rosenthal DI
Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2002;28(2):288-96 - PMID: 12064924

Identification of a novel Ras-regulated proapoptotic pathway.

Khokhlatchev A, Rabizadeh S, Xavier R, Nedwidek M, Chen T, Zhang XF, Seed B, Avruch J
Curr Biol. 2002;12(4):253-65 - PMID: 11864565

Role of tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2) in colonic epithelial hyperplasia and chronic intestinal inflammation in mice.

Mizoguchi E, Mizoguchi A, Takedatsu H, Cario E, de Jong YP, Ooi CJ, Xavier RJ, Terhorst C, Podolsky DK, Bhan AK
Gastroenterology. 2002;122(1):134-44 - PMID: 11781288

L-histidine decarboxylase decreases its own transcription through downregulation of ERK activity.

Colucci R, Fleming JV, Xavier R, Wang TC
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2001;281(4):G1081-91 - PMID: 11557529

Hepatitis C virus replication is directly inhibited by IFN-alpha in a full-length binary expression system.

Chung RT, He W, Saquib A, Contreras AM, Xavier RJ, Chawla A, Wang TC, Schmidt EV
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98(17):9847-52 - PMID: 11493707 - PMCID: PMC55541

Gaucher disease. New approaches to an ancient disease.

Mankin HJ, Rosenthal DI, Xavier R
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001;83-A(5):748-62 - PMID: 11379747

TBX1 is responsible for cardiovascular defects in velo-cardio-facial/DiGeorge syndrome.

Merscher S, Funke B, Epstein JA, Heyer J, Puech A, Lu MM, Xavier RJ, Demay MB, Russell RG, Factor S, Tokooya K, Jore BS, Lopez M, Pandita RK, Lia M, Carrion D, Xu H, Schorle H, Kobler JB, Scambler P, Wynshaw-Boris A, Skoultchi AI, Morrow BE, Kucherlapati R
Cell. 2001;104(4):619-29 - PMID: 11239417

Mechanisms of NSAID-induced gastrointestinal injury defined using mutant mice.

Beck PL, Xavier R, Lu N, Nanda NN, Dinauer M, Podolsky DK, Seed B
Gastroenterology. 2000;119(3):699-705 - PMID: 10982764

Microbiology. How to get along--friendly microbes in a hostile world.

Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK
Science. 2000;289(5484):1483-4 - PMID: 10991734

Fractalkine is an epithelial and endothelial cell-derived chemoattractant for intraepithelial lymphocytes in the small intestinal mucosa.

Muehlhoefer A, Saubermann LJ, Gu X, Luedtke-Heckenkamp K, Xavier R, Blumberg RS, Podolsky DK, MacDermott RP, Reinecker HC
J Immunol. 2000;164(6):3368-76 - PMID: 10706732

A paradoxical reduction in susceptibility to colonic injury upon targeted transgenic ablation of goblet cells.

Itoh H, Beck PL, Inoue N, Xavier R, Podolsky DK
J Clin Invest. 1999;104(11):1539-47 - PMID: 10587517 - PMCID: PMC409855

Membrane compartmentation and the response to antigen.

Xavier R, Seed B
Curr Opin Immunol. 1999;11(3):265-9 - PMID: 10375560

Health information in the developing world.

Lown B, Bukachi F, Xavier R
Lancet. 1998;352 Suppl 2:SII34-8 - PMID: 9798645

Tumor induction of VEGF promoter activity in stromal cells.

Fukumura D, Xavier R, Sugiura T, Chen Y, Park EC, Lu N, Selig M, Nielsen G, Taksir T, Jain RK, Seed B
Cell. 1998;94(6):715-25 - PMID: 9753319

Membrane compartmentation is required for efficient T cell activation.

Xavier R, Brennan T, Li Q, McCormack C, Seed B
Immunity. 1998;8(6):723-32 - PMID: 9655486

SEK1/MKK4 is required for maintenance of a normal peripheral lymphoid compartment but not for lymphocyte development.

Swat W, Fujikawa K, Ganiatsas S, Yang D, Xavier RJ, Harris NL, Davidson L, Ferrini R, Davis RJ, Labow MA, Flavell RA, Zon LI, Alt FW
Immunity. 1998;8(5):625-34 - PMID: 9620683

Paracoccidioidomycosis of bones and joints. A clinical, radiologic, and pathologic study of 9 cases.

Amstalden EM, Xavier R, Kattapuram SV, Bertolo MB, Swartz MN, Rosenberg AE
Medicine (Baltimore). 1996;75(4):213-25 - PMID: 8699961

Transgenic expression of tpr-met oncogene leads to development of mammary hyperplasia and tumors.

Liang TJ, Reid AE, Xavier R, Cardiff RD, Wang TC
J Clin Invest. 1996;97(12):2872-7 - PMID: 8675700 - PMCID: PMC507382

Clustered syk tyrosine kinase domains trigger phagocytosis.

Greenberg S, Chang P, Wang DC, Xavier R, Seed B
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996;93(3):1103-7 - PMID: 8577722 - PMCID: PMC40038

Atheroembolic renal failure after invasive procedures. Natural history based on 52 histologically proven cases.

Thadhani RI, Camargo CA, Xavier RJ, Fang LS, Bazari H
Medicine (Baltimore). 1995;74(6):350-8 - PMID: 7500898

Enzyme replacement therapy for Gaucher disease: skeletal responses to macrophage-targeted glucocerebrosidase.

Rosenthal DI, Doppelt SH, Mankin HJ, Dambrosia JM, Xavier RJ, McKusick KA, Rosen BR, Baker J, Niklason LT, Hill SC
Pediatrics. 1995;96(4 Pt 1):629-37 - PMID: 7567322

Malignant epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the tibia associated with a bone infarct in a patient who had Gaucher disease. A case report.

Pins MR, Mankin HJ, Xavier RJ, Rosenthal DI, Dickersin GR, Rosenberg AE
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995;77(5):777-81 - PMID: 7744904

Nonreceptor tyrosine kinases in aggregation-mediated cell activation.

Seed B, Kolanus W, Romeo C, Xavier R
Adv Exp Med Biol. 1995;365:111-9 - PMID: 7887297

Peroxynitrite-induced rat colitis--a new model of colonic inflammation.

Rachmilewitz D, Stamler JS, Karmeli F, Mullins ME, Singel DJ, Loscalzo J, Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK
Gastroenterology. 1993;105(6):1681-8 - PMID: 8253344

Value of the history and stool occult blood test in selection of patients for upper endoscopy in Zimbabwe.

Xavier RJ, Stein CM, Kiire CF, Arrow J, Kitai I
East Afr Med J. 1992;69(5):268-71 - PMID: 1644046